204 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Arcuate nucleus and lateral hypothalamic CART neurons in the mouse brain exert opposing effects on energy expenditure

    Aitak Farzi et al.
    CART exerts differential metabolic effects in response to activation of neurons of the Arc, where CART suppresses energy expenditure, while it enforces the reward characteristics of the LHA.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Blockade of glucagon signaling prevents or reverses diabetes onset only if residual β-cells persist

    Nicolas Damond et al.
    Contrary to previous reports, a complete absence of glucagon signaling is not sufficient to prevent diabetes after near-total β-cell loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impact of precisely-timed inhibition of gustatory cortex on taste behavior depends on single-trial ensemble dynamics

    Narendra Mukherjee et al.
    Primary taste cortex does far more than code tastes by turning taste codes into motor commands via population dynamics.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    FBXL19 recruits CDK-Mediator to CpG islands of developmental genes priming them for activation during lineage commitment

    Emilia Dimitrova et al.
    The ZF-CxxC protein FBXL19 recruits kinase-associated Mediator to CpG islands of silent developmental genes in embryonic stem cells, which primes these genes for activation during differentiation and is required for embryonic development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The acinar differentiation determinant PTF1A inhibits initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    Nathan M Krah et al.
    By regulating acinar cell differentiation, the transcription factor PTF1A acts as a novel class of tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Single-molecule turnover dynamics of actin and membrane coat proteins in clathrin-mediated endocytosis

    Michael M Lacy et al.
    The main proteins of clathrin-mediated endocytosis bind and unbind rapidly, continuously turning over about five times during the formation of an endocytic vesicle in yeast.
    1. Cell Biology

    BUB-1 promotes amphitelic chromosome biorientation via multiple activities at the kinetochore

    Frances Edwards et al.
    During chromosome segregation, BUB-1 performs multiple roles.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Caspase-8 contributes to angiogenesis and chemotherapy resistance in glioblastoma

    Giulia Fianco et al.
    Retention of Caspase-8 confers a selective advantage to glioblastoma and represents a novel therapeutic target.

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