960 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in SKI in Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome lead to attenuated TGF-β responses through SKI stabilization

    Ilaria Gori et al.
    The mechanism underlying Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome is solved and reveals that missense mutations in the transcriptional repressor SKI abolish ligand-induced SKI degradation, which results in attenuation of TGF-β transcriptional responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    The half-life of the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is regulated through O-glycosylation in mice, but not in humans

    Omar Al Rifai et al.
    In mice, but not in humans, the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is O-glycosylated, a post-translational modification controlling its half-life in vivo.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Ral GTPases promote breast cancer metastasis by controlling biogenesis and organ targeting of exosomes

    Shima Ghoroghi et al.
    A combination of animal models reveal how the molecular mechanisms of exosome secretion (RalA/B-dependent) are linked to their cargo content and their function in breast cancer pre-metastatic niche formation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Runx2-Twist1 interaction coordinates cranial neural crest guidance of soft palate myogenesis

    Xia Han et al.
    Identification of heterogenous cranial neural crest (CNC)-derived cell populations and their roles in guiding craniofacial muscle development through cell-cell interactions.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Failures of nerve regeneration caused by aging or chronic denervation are rescued by restoring Schwann cell c-Jun

    Laura J Wagstaff et al.
    In vivo experiments on transgenic mice, and cell culture studies, establish Schwann cell c-Jun as a central regulator of peripheral nerve repair, and repair failure, during aging and chronic denervation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Re-expression of SMARCA4/BRG1 in small cell carcinoma of ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) promotes an epithelial-like gene signature through an AP-1-dependent mechanism

    Krystal Ann Orlando et al.
    BRG1 loss drives initiation and progression in human cancers through changes in specific differentiation programs in an AP-1-dependent manner.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MYC regulates ribosome biogenesis and mitochondrial gene expression programs through its interaction with host cell factor–1

    Tessa M Popay et al.
    Interaction of oncoprotein transcription factor MYC with chromatin-associated protein host cell factor–1 controls expression of genes important for ribosome biogenesis and mitochondrial vigor, loss of which promotes tumor regression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Manipulation of the human tRNA pool reveals distinct tRNA sets that act in cellular proliferation or cell cycle arrest

    Noa Aharon-Hefetz et al.
    Systematic CRISPR-based editing of tRNA genes revealed that different human cells that span a range of growth rates and different modes of proliferation states require diverse tRNA sets.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The vascular niche controls Drosophila hematopoiesis via fibroblast growth factor signaling

    Manon Destalminil-Letourneau et al.
    Two niches contribute to the control of Drosophila blood cell homeostasis through their differential regulation of hematopoietic progenitors.

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