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    1. Ecology

    The lost world of Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, a relictual bacterial niche in a desert oasis

    Valeria Souza et al.
    At Cuatro Ciénegas, the ancestral niche conditions of the ancient shores of Laurentia persisted along with its microbial communities that have been coevolving for a very long time.
    1. Plant Biology

    Antimicrobial peptide expression in a wild tobacco plant reveals the limits of host-microbe-manipulations in the field

    Arne Weinhold et al.
    The attempt to manipulate a microbiome in planta to study the ecological consequences under field conditions leaves plants and their microbes surprisingly unimpressed.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A unifying mechanism for the biogenesis of membrane proteins co-operatively integrated by the Sec and Tat pathways

    Fiona J Tooke et al.
    Bioinformatics and experimental approaches identify families of membrane proteins requiring the co-ordinated action of the Sec pathway and Tat pathways for their integration and define features of the polypeptides that mediate interaction with these pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life

    Jason A Metcalf et al.
    Parallel horizontal gene transfer has spread a bacteriolytic gene family to all domains of life, and has bestowed a niche-transcending adaptation in recipients that must deploy antibacterial molecules to survive in a bacterial world.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A microbial clock provides an accurate estimate of the postmortem interval in a mouse model system

    Jessica L Metcalf et al.
    High-throughput sequencing has been used to analyze the microbiome of mouse corpses over a period of 48 days, and to provide an accurate estimate of the time since death.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis

    Jose U Scher et al.
    The sequencing of microbial genomes reveals that the presence of a particular microbial species in the gut may increase the risk of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Large protein organelles form a new iron sequestration system with high storage capacity

    Tobias W Giessen et al.
    An alternative iron storage system based on a 9.6 megadalton microbial protein compartment is able to sequester and store large amounts of iron.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Subtle selectivity in a pheromone sensor triumvirate desynchronizes competence and predation in a human gut commensal

    Johann Mignolet et al.
    A new cell–cell communication system in Streptococcus salivarius, a human gut commensal, discriminates between close signaling molecules to specifically produce bacteriocin-based antimicrobials and disconnects it from foreign DNA acquisition.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Changes in the genetic requirements for microbial interactions with increasing community complexity

    Manon Morin et al.
    Analysis of the global genetic requirements and gene expression changes in E. coli in the presence of a simple microbiome revealed pairwise and higher-order interactions, and underlying molecular mechanisms.