19 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis and remodeling are required for neural tube closure, heart development, and cranial neural crest cell survival

    Marshall Lukacs et al.
    Anchoring of proteins to the cell membrane through the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor is critical for the survival of the cells that will give rise to the brain and face.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A vitamin-B2-sensing mechanism that regulates gut protease activity to impact animal’s food behavior and growth

    Bin Qi et al.
    The availability of an essential dietary micronutrient is evaluated by an intestinal signaling system that in turn regulates food-uptake and response behaviors by modulating protease expression.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    SLC6A14, an amino acid transporter, modifies the primary CF defect in fluid secretion

    Saumel Ahmadi et al.
    Loss of an amino acid transporter and tissue depletion of nitric oxide worsens the intestinal function of CF mice, a finding that potentially explains variation in disease severity amongst CF individuals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of a small molecule that inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis

    Jonathan M Stokes et al.
    The anticonvulsant drug lamotrigine inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis and reveals an unexplored role for initiation factor 2 (IF2) in ribosome assembly.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fringe proteins modulate Notch-ligand cis and trans interactions to specify signaling states

    Lauren LeBon et al.
    Fringe proteins modulate cis inhibitory, same-cell interactions between the Notch receptor and its ligands to control whether, and in which direction, cells can signal to one another.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Metabolic network rewiring of propionate flux compensates vitamin B12 deficiency in C. elegans

    Emma Watson et al.
    The roundworm C. elegans transcriptionally activates five genes comprising an alternate propionate breakdown pathway when dietary vitamin B12 is low or when the canonical pathway is compromised.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Improved use of a public good selects for the evolution of undifferentiated multicellularity

    John H Koschwanez et al.
    The ability to share resources for the benefit of all members of a group may have driven ancient organisms to evolve from a unicellular to a multicellular state.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A synthetic planar cell polarity system reveals localized feedback on Fat4-Ds1 complexes

    Olga Loza et al.
    Localized feedback on Fa4-Ds1 boundary complexes underlies polarized distribution of Fat4 and Ds1 and gives rise to planar cell polarity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Akt regulation of glycolysis mediates bioenergetic stability in epithelial cells

    Yin P Hung et al.
    Individual cells display heterogeneous fluctuations in metabolic activity, with amplitude and kinetics controlled by interlocking feedbacks between glycolysis and the Insulin/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular antibody signalling is regulated by phosphorylation of the Fc receptor TRIM21

    Claire Dickson et al.
    Phosphorylation deactivates TRIM21 B Box autoinhibition to licence proinflammatory signalling by cytosolic antibodies.

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