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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Seroconversion stages COVID19 into distinct pathophysiological states

    Matthew D Galbraith et al.
    Stratification of COVID19 patients using quantitative metrics of seroconversion reveals distinct pathophysiological stages after SARS-CoV-2 infection, including key differences in immune cell types, inflammatory makers, and markers of organ function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Uncovering an allosteric mode of action for a selective inhibitor of human Bloom syndrome protein

    Xiangrong Chen et al.
    Discovery and characterisation of a novel allosteric inhibitor-binding site in human Bloom syndrome protein.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A critical residue in the α1M2–M3 linker regulating mammalian GABAA receptor pore gating by diazepam

    Joseph W Nors et al.
    The role of an important gating domain in linkage between the benzodiazepine drug-binding site and the pore gate in GABAA receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomes of developing and adult olfactory receptor neurons in Drosophila

    Colleen N McLaughlin et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomes of olfactory receptor neurons at multiple developmental stages reveal cell-type-specific gene expression programs that underlie their development and sensory biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Defective memory engram reactivation underlies impaired fear memory recall in Fragile X syndrome

    Jie Li et al.
    Activity-dependent genetic labeling during behavioral learning shows Fragile-X syndrome model mice exhibit impaired hippocampal engram reactivation, and that enriched environment experience improves fear memory retrieval by enhancing engram reactivation efficacy.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Intestinal microbiology shapes population health impacts of diet and lifestyle risk exposures in Torres Strait Islander communities

    Fredrick M Mobegi et al.
    Host-microbe interactions are an important influence on changing disease burdens in vulnerable remote communities.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A broad mutational target explains a fast rate of phenotypic evolution

    Fabrice Besnard et al.
    A broad mutational target is the cause of the high mutational variance and corresponding fast phenotypic evolutionary rate in P3.p cell fate in Caenorhabditis nematodes.
    1. Neuroscience

    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory LTD triggers presynaptic remodeling via protein synthesis and ubiquitination

    Hannah R Monday et al.
    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory long-term depression (LTD) relies on both protein synthesis and ubiquitination to elicit structural changes that underlie long-term reduction of GABA release.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology and migration of outer radial glia in developing human cortex

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology of a human-enriched neural stem cell population and thus contributes to the radial architecture of the developing human cortex with implications for neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A unified computational model for cortical post-synaptic plasticity

    Tuomo Mäki-Marttunen et al.
    Biochemically detailed modelling of pathways leading to post-synaptic plasticity reveals the dependence of neocortical LTP/LTD on the availability of different proteins and stimulation patterns.