21 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociating orexin-dependent and -independent functions of orexin neurons using novel Orexin-Flp knock-in mice

    Srikanta Chowdhury et al.
    Subtraction analysis using novel Orexin-Flp mice isolated physiological importance of orexin peptides.
    1. Cell Biology

    GGGGCC microsatellite RNA is neuritically localized, induces branching defects, and perturbs transport granule function

    Alondra Schweizer Burguete et al.
    Expanded repeat RNAs associated with human neurodegenerative diseases can become incorporated into transported granules in neurons, perturbing their function to cause neuritic branching defects.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ciliate mitoribosome illuminates evolutionary steps of mitochondrial translation

    Victor Tobiasson, Alexey Amunts
    The ciliate mitoribosome structure provides new insights into the diversity of translation and its evolution.
    1. Cell Biology

    Chronic optogenetic induction of stress granules is cytotoxic and reveals the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology

    Peipei Zhang et al.
    OptoGranules reveal the function of G3BP1 as a stress granule scaffold and demonstrate that protracted stress granule assembly is sufficient to drive neurodegeneration and the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutational phospho-mimicry reveals a regulatory role for the XRCC4 and XLF C-terminal tails in modulating DNA bridging during classical non-homologous end joining

    Davide Normanno et al.
    In concert phosphorylation site modification of both XRCC4 and XLF C-terminal disordered tails promotes disassembly of XRCC4/XLF DNA tethers during c-NHEJ.
    1. Neuroscience

    A positive feedback loop linking enhanced mGluR function and basal calcium in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2

    Pratap Meera et al.
    A damaging form of positive feedback linking elevated calcium levels and metabotropic glutamate receptor function in Purkinje neurons plays a critical role in the pathology in spinocerebellar ataxias.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordinated control of senescence by lncRNA and a novel T-box3 co-repressor complex

    Pavan Kumar P et al.
    A novel master regulatory mechanism of cell proliferation and senscence employs the lncRNA UCA1 and a CAPERα/TBX3 corepressor.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNG105/caprin1, an RNA granule protein for dendritic mRNA localization, is essential for long-term memory formation

    Kei Nakayama et al.
    The formation of long-term memory in mice requires an element of RNA granules that localizes messenger RNAs to dendrites.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Dynamic molecular basis for malfunction in disease mutants of p97/VCP

    Anne K Schuetz, Lewis E Kay
    Point mutations in a ubiquitous human ATPase called p97/VCP deregulate inter-domain communication, resulting in impaired binding of an adaptor that recruits p97 to endosomal pathways and leading to a degenerative disease of bone, muscle and neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The mitochondrial acyl carrier protein (ACP) coordinates mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis with iron sulfur cluster biogenesis

    Jonathan G Van Vranken et al.
    The essential function of ACP is not related to mitochondrial fatty acid and lipoic acid synthesis, but rather an evolutionarily-conserved role in iron sulfur cluster biogenesis.

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