70 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cdc48 regulates a deubiquitylase cascade critical for mitochondrial fusion

    Tânia Simões et al.
    A signaling pathway—comprising a linear sequence of the ubiquitin-selective chaperone Cdc48/p97 and the deubiquitylases Ubp12 and Ubp2—synergistically regulates mitochondrial fusion, thereby fine-tuning ubiquitylation of the mitofusin Fzo1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    CSF1R blockade induces macrophage ablation and results in mouse choroidal vascular atrophy and RPE disorganization

    Xiao Yang et al.
    Vascular degeneration of the choroid and RPE disorganization were associated with pharmacological macrophage ablation, indicating that insufficiency of macrophage function may be a mechanism underlying age- and AMD-associated pathology.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of human Frizzled5 by fiducial-assisted cryo-EM supports a heterodimeric mechanism of canonical Wnt signaling

    Naotaka Tsutsumi et al.
    Cryo-EM structure of monomeric human Frizzled5 was determined with a universal fiducial antibody at 3.7 Å overall resolution, which supports a simple Fzd/LRP6 heterodimerization mechanism of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion is required for spermatogonial differentiation and meiosis

    Grigor Varuzhanyan et al.
    Mitochondrial fusion enables a metabolic transition during spermatogenesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neuronal TORC1 modulates longevity via AMPK and cell nonautonomous regulation of mitochondrial dynamics in C. elegans

    Yue Zhang et al.
    Modulating the nutrient sensor TORC1 only in neurons in C. elegans is sufficient to regulate systemic longevity via inter-tissue signals that remodel mitochondria networks in non neuronal cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Wnt11 directs nephron progenitor polarity and motile behavior ultimately determining nephron endowment

    Lori L O'Brien et al.
    Wnt11 maintains nephron progenitor niche integrity during kidney development through its modulation of cellular dynamics.
    1. Developmental Biology

    YAP is essential for mechanical force production and epithelial cell proliferation during lung branching morphogenesis

    Chuwen Lin et al.
    The control of local cell properties such as epithelial cell number and mechanical force production by Hippo signaling is a major determinant of lung branching.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Upregulation of neurovascular communication through filamin abrogation promotes ectopic periventricular neurogenesis

    Shauna L Houlihan et al.
    Analyses based on the mouse model of a human genetic disease reveal that the neuron production of cerebral tissue can be boosted by escalated signaling between neural progenitors and the vasculature.
    1. Cell Biology

    The cell proliferation antigen Ki-67 organises heterochromatin

    Michal Sobecki et al.
    Antigen Ki-67, which is widely used as a cell proliferation marker, controls heterochromatin organisation and gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Decoupling global biases and local interactions between cell biological variables

    Assaf Zaritsky et al.
    DeBias is a generic method to decompose and quantify the confounding, global factors and direct interactions of pairwise interacting variables.

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