4,117 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical control of ERK and AKT signaling promotes axon regeneration and functional recovery of PNS and CNS in Drosophila

    Qin Wang et al.
    Precise spatiotemporal optogenetic activation of ERK and AKT signaling pathways reveals neural repair mechanisms of the peripheral and central nervous systems in live Drosophila larvae.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unbiased homeologous recombination during pneumococcal transformation allows for multiple chromosomal integration events

    Jun Kurushima et al.
    DNA uptake and recombination in pneumococcus are highly efficient and independent of the cell-cycle or genetic location of the transformed allele, but limited to maximally 50% of the population.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A virus-encoded protein suppresses methylation of the viral genome through its interaction with AGO4 in the Cajal body

    Liping Wang et al.
    The Cajal body is essential for plants to deploy antiviral DNA methylation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Learning steers the ontogeny of an efficient hunting sequence in zebrafish larvae

    Konstantinos Lagogiannis et al.
    Early hunting experience modifies the kinematics of hunting in larval zebrafish to increase the probability of successfully capturing live prey.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Caenorhabditis elegans methionine/S-adenosylmethionine cycle activity is sensed and adjusted by a nuclear hormone receptor

    Gabrielle E Giese et al.
    Metabolic activity of the methionine/S-adenosylmethionine cycle is sensed and transcriptionally regulated by a nuclear hormone receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans in order to maintain metabolic homeostasis in a tightly controlled regime.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell neurotransmission patterns cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules defined by distinct pinceau sizes

    Joy Zhou et al.
    Targeted genetic silencing and reporter labeling reveal that Purkinje cell activity organizes cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules based on the sizes of their projections.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Gli3 utilizes Hand2 to synergistically regulate tissue-specific transcriptional networks

    Kelsey H Elliott et al.
    Context-dependent optimization of Gli-binding site occupancy, in the presence of Hand2, is critical for modulating tissue-specific transcriptional output within tissues that lack an obvious Hedgehog morphogen gradient.
    1. Neuroscience

    The dynamic interplay between ATP/ADP levels and autophagy sustain neuronal migration in vivo

    Cedric Bressan et al.
    Imaging of energy status and autophagy during neuronal migration revealed that ATP/ADP levels dynamically change during the migratory and stationary phases and that ATP reduction induces autophagy to maintain migration.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Sperm-specific COX6B2 enhances oxidative phosphorylation, proliferation, and survival in human lung adenocarcinoma

    Chun-Chun Cheng et al.
    The cancer testis antigen COX6B2 enhances cytochrome c oxidase activity thereby promoting proliferation and survival in cancer cells and represents a therapeutic target for inhibiting oxidative phosphorylation selectively in tumors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Biofilms deform soft surfaces and disrupt epithelia

    Alice Cont et al.
    The growth of multicellular bacterial structures called biofilms generates forces that deform soft material substrates and disrupt epithelial cell layers, potentially mechanically damaging host tissue.

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