684 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    GABAA presynaptic inhibition regulates the gain and kinetics of retinal output neurons

    Jenna Nagy et al.
    Elimination of GABAA receptors from the axon terminals of specific retinal bipolar cell types alters the sensitivity and kinetics of retinal output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) inhibits cortical dendrites

    Sean C Murphy et al.
    Studying the activity of cortical neurons in rats reveals the subcellular effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation, which is used for the non-invasive treatment of a variety of brain disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell outputs selectively inhibit a subset of unipolar brush cells in the input layer of the cerebellar cortex

    Chong Guo et al.
    Purkinje cell collaterals regulate processing in the input layer of the cerebellum by providing fast stochastic GABAA-mediated and slow GABAB-mediated inhibition to a specialized subset of unipolar brush cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axonal mechanisms mediating γ-aminobutyric acid receptor type A (GABA-A) inhibition of striatal dopamine release

    Paul F Kramer et al.
    GABA-A receptors on dopamine neuron axons not only depolarize the membrane but also limit action potential propagation, an effect potentiated by positive allosteric modulators of GABA-A receptors like diazepam (Valium).
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar and vestibular nuclear synapses in the inferior olive have distinct release kinetics and neurotransmitters

    Josef Turecek, Wade G Regehr
    Inhibition from the cerebellar nuclei to the inferior olive is exclusively asynchronous and GABAergic, whereas the vestibular nuclei provide rapid synchronous inhibition mediated by mixed GABA and glycinergic synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    APP modulates KCC2 expression and function in hippocampal GABAergic inhibition

    Ming Chen et al.
    APP interacts with KCC2 to limit the latter from tyrosine-phosphorylation and ubiquitination and thus subsequent degradation, revealing a novel molecular pathway in which APP regulates GABAergic signaling and thus inhibition in the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel inhibitory nucleo-cortical circuit controls cerebellar Golgi cell activity

    Lea Ankri et al.
    The glycinergic neurons of the cerebellar nuclei project extensively to the cerebellar cortex and inhibit GABAergic Golgi cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    A single pair of neurons links sleep to memory consolidation in Drosophila melanogaster

    Paula R Haynes et al.
    Dorsal paired medial neurons, which are required for memory consolidation, promote sleep by inhibiting the excitation of mushroom body neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA, not BOLD, reveals dissociable learning-dependent plasticity mechanisms in the human brain

    Polytimi Frangou et al.
    Combining GABA with fMRI measurements in the human brain uncovers distinct suppression mechanisms that optimize perceptual decisions through learning and experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex.

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