1,058 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Activation of GCN2 kinase by ribosome stalling links translation elongation with translation initiation

    Ryuta Ishimura et al.
    Activation of the integrated stress response by stalled translation elongation complexes attenuates neurodegeneration, and demonstrates a protective link between a decrease in the rate of translation initiation and defects in translation elongation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The PCNA unloader Elg1 promotes recombination at collapsed replication forks in fission yeast

    Sanjeeta Tamang et al.
    Unloading the polymerase sliding clamp PCNA from DNA by Elg1 promotes recombination at the RTS1 replication fork barrier by limiting Fbh1 and Srs2 activity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Tripartite suppression of fission yeast TORC1 signaling by the GATOR1-Sea3 complex, the TSC complex, and Gcn2 kinase

    Tomoyuki Fukuda et al.
    Sea3, a presumed subunit of the GATOR2 complex in fission yeast, is required for the GATOR1 function that attenuates TORC1 in parallel with the TSC complex and Gcn2 kinase.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular synthesized CRISPR/Cas gRNAs for functional interrogations in the coding and noncoding genome

    Martin Wegner et al.
    Cloning-free 3Cs technology is developed for the generation of sequence-bias-free covalently closed circular synthesized (3Cs) CRISPR/Cas gRNA libraries that can interrogate the coding and noncoding human genome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A widely employed germ cell marker is an ancient disordered protein with reproductive functions in diverse eukaryotes

    Michelle A Carmell et al.
    GCNA proteins comprise a previously unnoticed family of proteins that has been enriched in cells carrying a heritable genome since the invention of sexual reproduction in eukaryotes, and has had reproductive function for at least 600 million years.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Ssd1 and Gcn2 suppress global translation efficiency in replicatively aged yeast while their activation extends lifespan

    Zheng Hu et al.
    Activation of the stress response pathway in young cells extends replicative lifespan, not by reducing global protein synthesis per se, but by Gcn4-mediated autophagy induction.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tumor copy number alteration burden is a pan-cancer prognostic factor associated with recurrence and death

    Haley Hieronymus et al.
    The percentage of a tumor’s genome with alterations in copy number is correlated with increased mortality across a range of tumor types and can be measured using a clinically approved sequencing assay.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    CNApp, a tool for the quantification of copy number alterations and integrative analysis revealing clinical implications

    Sebastià Franch-Expósito et al.
    CNApp is a novel and unique web-based software that enables the performance of comprehensive and integrative analysis of genomic copy number alterations to uncover new associations with patient-oriented relevance.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MutSα maintains the mismatch repair capability by inhibiting PCNA unloading

    Yoshitaka Kawasoe et al.
    Biochemical analysis in Xenopus egg extracts reveals that the MutSα mismatch sensor retains the DNA-bound replication clamp to maintain a post-replicative temporal window permissive to strand-specific repair of mismatches.

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