151 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Negative regulation of urokinase receptor activity by a GPI-specific phospholipase C in breast cancer cells

    Michiel van Veen et al.
    GDE3 is a transmembrane GPI-specific phospholipase C that sheds the urokinase receptor (uPAR) from the cell surface resulting in loss of uPAR function in breast cancer cells and reduced tumor growth.
    1. Cell Biology

    Misfolded GPI-anchored proteins are escorted through the secretory pathway by ER-derived factors

    Eszter Zavodszky, Ramanujan S Hegde
    ER-resident chaperones and cargo receptors make excursions to the cell surface and endocytic compartments when they accompany misfolded clients to lysosomes for degradation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal activation is associated with longitudinal amyloid accumulation and cognitive decline

    Stephanie L Leal et al.
    Cognitively normal older adults show a positive relationship between neural activity during memory encoding and brain β-amyloid deposition rate over the subsequent 3-4 years, supporting preclinical data that associates neural activity with β-amyloid deposition.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparative genetic screens in human cells reveal new regulatory mechanisms in WNT signaling

    Andres M Lebensohn et al.
    A systematic genetic analysis comprising seven genome-wide screens in haploid human cells uncovered new regulatory mechanisms at most levels in the WNT signaling pathway.
    1. Plant Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins as chaperones and co-receptors for FERONIA receptor kinase signaling in Arabidopsis

    Chao Li et al.
    FERONIA receptor kinase interacts with phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins LORELEI and LLG1 to ensure its proper functional location in the cell membrane and engages them as co-receptors on the cell surface to mediate a broad spectrum of growth and signaling processes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative unfolding of distinctive mechanoreceptor domains transduces force into signals

    Lining Ju et al.
    New biophysical methods and analyses visualize in real-time a chain of coordinated single-molecular events on a living cell, enabling the inner workings of a mechanoreceptor important to biology to be elucidated.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential Staphylococcus aureus cell division protein directly regulates FtsZ dynamics

    Prahathees J Eswara et al.
    GpsB in Staphylococcus aureus directly regulates the central cell division protein FtsZ, a different function from that assigned for GpsB in other closely related organisms.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis and remodeling are required for neural tube closure, heart development, and cranial neural crest cell survival

    Marshall Lukacs et al.
    Anchoring of proteins to the cell membrane through the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor is critical for the survival of the cells that will give rise to the brain and face.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic attenuated Wnt/β-catenin signaling defines niche location and long-term stem cell fate in hair follicle

    Zijian Xu et al.
    Long-term hair follicle stem cells arise by embryonic progenitor cells occupying a niche location that is defined by attenuated Wnt/β-catenin signal.

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