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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that reprogram the ER to reduce extracellular protein aggregation

    Lars Plate et al.
    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that activate the unfolded protein response transcription factor ATF6 reduce the secretion of amyloid disease-associated proteins.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Secretion of protein disulphide isomerase AGR2 confers tumorigenic properties

    Delphine Fessart et al.
    Epithelial tumors secrete the ER-resident AGR2 in the extracellular matrix to function as a novel essential microenvironmental regulator of epithelial tissue architecture, which leads to tumorigenicity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interaction mapping of endoplasmic reticulum ubiquitin ligases identifies modulators of innate immune signalling

    Emma J Fenech et al.
    Interaction mapping of ubiquitin ligase complexes embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane has identified interactors of RNF26 that influence innate immune signalling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ER-luminal [Ca2+] regulation of InsP3 receptor gating mediated by an ER-luminal peripheral Ca2+-binding protein

    Horia Vais et al.
    Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum through the IP3 receptor ion channel is strongly regulated by a calcium-binding protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondria supply ATP to the ER through a mechanism antagonized by cytosolic Ca2+

    Jing Yong et al.
    ATP enters the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen through an SLC35B1/AXER-dependentCaATiER mechanism, and ATP usage in the ER renders 'anti-Warburg' effect by increasing ATP regeneration from OxPhos while decreasing glycolysis.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    New insights into the cellular temporal response to proteostatic stress

    Justin Rendleman et al.
    A time-resolved analysis of protein and RNA concentrations and interactions during proteostasis stress highlights the dominant role of translation regulation and a shift of energy metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation attenuation by minocycline enhances longevity and proteostasis in old post-stress-responsive organisms

    Gregory M Solis et al.
    Directly targeting the ribosome to attenuate translation partly mimics the integrated stress response, increasing lifespan and preserving protein folding capacity even in older individuals with dysfunctional stress response signaling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Identification and dynamics of the human ZDHHC16-ZDHHC6 palmitoylation cascade

    Laurence Abrami et al.
    Cycles of palmitoylation-depalmitoylation by an upstream palmitoyltransferase allow precise tuning of DHHC6 activity, which in turn regulates the abundance and function of key ER proteins involved in protein folding, degradation, ER architecture and calcium homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The critical role of membralin in postnatal motor neuron survival and disease

    Bo Yang et al.
    Membralin mutant mice manifest a severe and early-onset motor neuron disease with defects in endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein degradation.