2,700 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and COPII generate LC3 lipidation vesicles from the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment

    Liang Ge et al.
    Building on previous work (Ge et al., 2013), it is shown that the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment is a platform for the production of COPII vesicles as precursor membranes for the lipidation of LC3, which is an essential step in autophagosome biogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic modulation of decision biases by brainstem arousal systems

    Jan Willem de Gee et al.
    Rapid increases in the brain’s level of alertness, or arousal, contribute to variability in decision making by reducing existing biases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1 protects mRNAs from recognition by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway

    Zhiyun Ge et al.
    The RNA-binding protein PTBP1 is recruited to sites near stop codons in retroviral and human mRNAs, shielding them from detection and degradation by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ER–Golgi intermediate compartment is a key membrane source for the LC3 lipidation step of autophagosome biogenesis

    Liang Ge et al.
    A cell-free biochemical assay for protein lipidation identifies the ER–Golgi intermediate compartment as a key early station in the formation of an autophagosome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts a reduction of choice bias across species and decision domains

    Jan Willem de Gee et al.
    Across species and domains of decision-making, pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts suppression biases in the accumulation of evidence leading up to a choice.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of mouse protocadherin 15 of the stereocilia tip link in complex with LHFPL5

    Jingpeng Ge et al.
    Structures of a mouse PCDH15 and LHFPL5 complex, two proteins involved in converting sound into electrical signals, illuminate how mechanical stimuli are delivered to the membrane of inner ear hair cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Phosphodiesterase 4D acts downstream of Neuropilin to control Hedgehog signal transduction and the growth of medulloblastoma

    Xuecai Ge et al.
    Neuropilin integrates with Hedgehog signal transduction by a newly identified transducer to control cerebellar neurogenesis and medulloblastoma.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two forms of Opa1 cooperate to complete fusion of the mitochondrial inner-membrane

    Yifan Ge et al.
    An in vitro reconstitution assay reveals stoichiometric levels of the short form of Opa1 work together with the long form of Opa1 to mediate efficient and fast membrane pore opening.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Deconstruction of the Ras switching cycle through saturation mutagenesis

    Pradeep Bandaru et al.
    Sequence conservation in Ras depends strongly on the biochemical network in which it operates, providing a framework for understanding the origin of global selection pressures on proteins.

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