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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CRISPRi is not strand-specific at all loci and redefines the transcriptional landscape

    Françoise S Howe et al.
    CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), which uses small guide RNAs to target catalytically dead Cas9 protein to chromatin, disrupts existing transcription units and generates new sites for initiation and termination of transcription on both strands of DNA.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Ongoing resolution of duplicate gene functions shapes the diversification of a metabolic network

    Meihua Christina Kuang et al.
    Recent functional changes in ancient duplicate genes led to the evolution of divergent regulatory and metabolic strategies by the GALactose gene networks of two yeast species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Descending neurons: Disentangling the strings that organize behavior

    Matthieu Louis, Julie H Simpson
    The neurons that connect the brain and ventral nerve cord in fruit flies have been mapped in unprecedented detail.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Looking back and looking forward at Janelia

    Gerald M Rubin, Erin K O'Shea
    The Janelia Research Campus opened its doors 12 years ago: we describe the philosophy underpinning Janelia, the lessons learned, and plans for the future.
  1. Philosophy of Biology: Health, ecology and the microbiome

    S Andrew Inkpen
    The interactions between communities of microbial species and their human hosts raise questions about the nature of health and disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Associative Memory: A big picture of a small brain

    Leslie C Griffith
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromocenters: Bundling up DNA

    Susan A Gerbi
    Structures known as chromocenters, comprising satellite DNA and proteins such as D1 or HMGA1, help to contain DNA inside the nucleus between cell divisions.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Innate Behavior: Flies spring a surprise

    Johanna M Kobler, Ilona C Grunwald Kadow
    A combination of genetic, anatomical and physiological techniques has revealed that the lateral horn, a region of the brain involved in olfaction in flies, has many more types of neurons than expected.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant Pathology: Plasmid-powered evolutionary transitions

    Ryan A Melnyk, Cara H Haney
    The acquisition of a virulence plasmid is sufficient to turn a beneficial strain of Rhodococcus bacteria into a pathogen.
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