The midbrain area for salience, reward and aversion in mouse brain harbours among the dopamine cells three subtypes somatostatin-expressing neurons that show combinatorial neurotransmitter phenotypes and interneuron properties.
The analysis of 18th century Y. pestis genomes reveals a bacterial lineage that might be responsible for the 400-year period of European plague epidemics from the Renaissance through early modern times.
Multimegadalton intraflagellar transport (IFT) trains assemble by sequential recruitment of IFT subcomplexes from the cell body to the ciliary basal bodies and tubulin, the main IFT cargo, is loaded briefly before trains depart.
TORC2-Ypk1 signaling upregulates flux through the sphingolipid pathway not only by increasing the supply of long-chain base precursors, but also by increasing their use in synthesizing complex sphingolipids.
New protein labeling strategies unravel the subcellular distribution of neurotransmitter receptor subunits and voltage-gated ion channels in motion-sensing T4/T5 neurons of the Drosophila visual system.