39 results found
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Maternal Gdf3 is an obligatory cofactor in Nodal signaling for embryonic axis formation in zebrafish

    Brent W Bisgrove et al.
    Maternal Gdf3 and Nodal are interdependent obligatory cofactors in the fundamental patterning of the vertebrate embryonic axis of zebrafish.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Gdf3 is required for robust Nodal signaling during germ layer formation and left-right patterning

    Jose L Pelliccia et al.
    Genetic analyses demonstrate that Gdf3/Vg1 is a maternal effect gene required for robust Nodal signaling during different phases of embryogenesis including germ-layer formation, Kupffer's vesicle morphogenesis, and left-right patterning.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Patterning and Axis Formation: Heterodimers reign in the embryo

    Benjamin Tajer, Mary C Mullins
    Experiments by three independent groups on zebrafish have clarified the role of two signaling factors, Nodal and Gdf3, during the early stages of development.
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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Negative regulation of urokinase receptor activity by a GPI-specific phospholipase C in breast cancer cells

    Michiel van Veen et al.
    GDE3 is a transmembrane GPI-specific phospholipase C that sheds the urokinase receptor (uPAR) from the cell surface resulting in loss of uPAR function in breast cancer cells and reduced tumor growth.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    The LIM protein complex establishes a retinal circuitry of visual adaptation by regulating Pax6 α-enhancer activity

    Yeha Kim et al.
    Regulation of Pax6 expression through the α-enhancer fine-tunes amacrine cell subtype number, and consequently, the visual output of the retina.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis, a model for animal development, regeneration, immunity and lignocellulose digestion

    Damian Kao et al.
    The first malacostracan genome sequence will establish the genetically tractable Parhyale hawaiensis as a model organism in this key animal group.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genomic DNA transposition induced by human PGBD5

    Anton G Henssen et al.
    The human PGBD5 gene encodes an active DNA transposase.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    The transcription factor Pitx2 positions the embryonic axis and regulates twinning

    Angela Torlopp et al.
    In higher vertebrates, the position of the embryonic axis (the location at which gastrulation starts) is determined by the transcription factor Pitx2, which suggests that the mechanisms of this process, and hence those that regulate twinning, are related to those that set up the left–right axis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Site-specific monoubiquitination downregulates Rab5 by disrupting effector binding and guanine nucleotide conversion

    Donghyuk Shin et al.
    With monoubiquitination sites of Rab5 identified and structural and biochemical studies using chemically synthesized ubiquitinated Rab5, Rab5 monoubiquitination is found to downregulate the function of Rab5 in a site-dependent manner.

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