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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Site-specific monoubiquitination downregulates Rab5 by disrupting effector binding and guanine nucleotide conversion

    Donghyuk Shin et al.
    With monoubiquitination sites of Rab5 identified and structural and biochemical studies using chemically synthesized ubiquitinated Rab5, Rab5 monoubiquitination is found to downregulate the function of Rab5 in a site-dependent manner.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory changes in two chemoreceptor genes contribute to a Caenorhabditis elegans QTL for foraging behavior

    Joshua S Greene et al.
    A quantitative trait locus that includes two pheromone receptor genes affects foraging behavior; for one of the genes, the two alleles of the QTL have opposite effects because of distinct sites of expression.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Targeting senescent cells enhances adipogenesis and metabolic function in old age

    Ming Xu et al.
    Senescent cells contribute to age-related fat dysfunction and can directly impair healthy fat progenitor function, in part, via the secretion of activin A.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Maternally provided LSD1/KDM1A enables the maternal-to-zygotic transition and prevents defects that manifest postnatally

    Jadiel A Wasson et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming by LSD1/KDM1A acts at fertilization in mice to enable embryogenesis and prevent behavioural abnormalities.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Adipocyte ALK7 links nutrient overload to catecholamine resistance in obesity

    Tingqing Guo et al.
    The ALK7 receptor functions cell-autonomously and homeostatically in adult adipocytes to regulate catecholamine sensitivity in response to the diet.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    An incoherent feedforward loop facilitates adaptive tuning of gene expression

    Jungeui Hong et al.
    The architecture of a gene regulatory network determines the effect of evolutionary changes in transcription factor binding.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A new view of transcriptome complexity and regulation through the lens of local splicing variations

    Jorge Vaquero-Garcia et al.
    New methods reveal that complex local splicing variations are more prevalent in animals than previously appreciated, and demonstrate that local splicing variations are relevant for studies of development, gene regulation and neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epigenetic profiling of growth plate chondrocytes sheds insight into regulatory genetic variation influencing height

    Michael Guo et al.
    Epigenetic profiling of femoral growth plate chondrocytes helps whittle-down GWAS height variants to fewer putative functional variants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    BMPs direct sensory interneuron identity in the developing spinal cord using signal-specific not morphogenic activities

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    Members of the BMP family of growth factors act as a reiterative code of distinct activities to direct the identities of different classes of sensory neurons in the spinal cord.