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    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Targeting senescent cells enhances adipogenesis and metabolic function in old age

    Ming Xu et al.
    Senescent cells contribute to age-related fat dysfunction and can directly impair healthy fat progenitor function, in part, via the secretion of activin A.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Maternally provided LSD1/KDM1A enables the maternal-to-zygotic transition and prevents defects that manifest postnatally

    Jadiel A Wasson et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming by LSD1/KDM1A acts at fertilization in mice to enable embryogenesis and prevent behavioural abnormalities.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Adipocyte ALK7 links nutrient overload to catecholamine resistance in obesity

    Tingqing Guo et al.
    The ALK7 receptor functions cell-autonomously and homeostatically in adult adipocytes to regulate catecholamine sensitivity in response to the diet.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Site-specific monoubiquitination downregulates Rab5 by disrupting effector binding and guanine nucleotide conversion

    Donghyuk Shin et al.
    With monoubiquitination sites of Rab5 identified and structural and biochemical studies using chemically synthesized ubiquitinated Rab5, Rab5 monoubiquitination is found to downregulate the function of Rab5 in a site-dependent manner.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Fail-safe control of translation initiation by dissociation of eIF2α phosphorylated ternary complexes

    Martin D Jennings et al.
    Phosphorylated translation initiation factor eIF2, a potent inhibitor of protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells, is also inhibitory to protein synthesis when bound to GTP and initiator tRNA broadening the reach and immediacy of eIF2-mediated control.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epigenetic profiling of growth plate chondrocytes sheds insight into regulatory genetic variation influencing height

    Michael Guo et al.
    Epigenetic profiling of femoral growth plate chondrocytes helps whittle-down GWAS height variants to fewer putative functional variants.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    BMPs direct sensory interneuron identity in the developing spinal cord using signal-specific not morphogenic activities

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    Members of the BMP family of growth factors act as a reiterative code of distinct activities to direct the identities of different classes of sensory neurons in the spinal cord.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    A new view of transcriptome complexity and regulation through the lens of local splicing variations

    Jorge Vaquero-Garcia et al.
    New methods reveal that complex local splicing variations are more prevalent in animals than previously appreciated, and demonstrate that local splicing variations are relevant for studies of development, gene regulation and neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Smad4 restricts differentiation to promote expansion of satellite cell derived progenitors during skeletal muscle regeneration

    Nicole D Paris et al.
    Ablation of canonical TGFβ signaling in muscle stem cells at any age is detrimental, and not beneficial, to effective skeletal muscle regeneration due to the promotion of premature fate commitment at the expense of progenitor amplification.