485 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Independent representations of ipsilateral and contralateral limbs in primary motor cortex

    Ethan A Heming et al.
    Neural recordings demonstrate how information about the contralateral limb can be isolated from the ipsilateral limb in motor cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decreased microRNA levels lead to deleterious increases in neuronal M2 muscarinic receptors in Spinal Muscular Atrophy models

    Patrick J O'Hern et al.
    In invertebrate and vertebrate models of Spinal Muscular Atrophy, diminished SMN protein causes Gemin3-dependent decreases in microRNA function, leading to upregulated M2 muscarinic receptor and deleterious consequences.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell transcriptome analysis defines heterogeneity of the murine pancreatic ductal tree

    Audrey M Hendley et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing analyses and functional studies define heterogeneity within the pancreatic ductal tree and unique properties of subpopulations of duct cells including an epithelial-mesenchymal transcriptomic axis and roles in chronic pancreatic inflammation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Multiplexed mRNA assembly into ribonucleoprotein particles plays an operon-like role in the control of yeast cell physiology

    Rohini R Nair et al.
    Prokaryotes use polycistronic messages for coordinated translation, whereas eukaryotic cells may achieve tunable protein synthesis by packaging monocistronic mRNAs into functional multiplexes via co-transcriptional interallelic coupling and non-canonical histone-H4 functions.
    1. Plant Biology

    Temporal transcriptional response to ethylene gas drives growth hormone cross-regulation in Arabidopsis

    Katherine Noelani Chang et al.
    The plant hormone ethylene regulates the expression of multiple genes in the model plant Arabidopsis, including those that respond to other hormones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social Chemosignaling: The scent of a handshake

    Gün R Semin, Ana Rita Farias
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    1. Neuroscience

    Position of UNC-13 in the active zone regulates synaptic vesicle release probability and release kinetics

    Keming Zhou et al.
    The precise position of UNC-13 at the active zone near a synapse depends on the N-terminus of the protein, and the C2A domain in particular, and is essential for accelerating neurotransmitter release.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    BAD inactivation exacerbates rheumatoid arthritis pathology by promoting survival of sublining macrophages

    Jie Li et al.
    Phosphorylation-mediated inactivation of pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family protein BAD confers the apoptosis resistance on synovial sublining macrophages, thereby contributing to the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The primary structural photoresponse of phytochrome proteins captured by a femtosecond X-ray laser

    Elin Claesson et al.
    Time-resolved crystallography provides insight into the photochemical reactions in photoreceptor proteins, explaining the earliest steps of how plants, fungi and bacteria sense red light.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RNA-dependent RNA targeting by CRISPR-Cas9

    Steven C Strutt et al.
    Divergent Cas9 enzymes direct site-specific single-stranded RNA cleavage, reducing infection by RNA phage in vivo and enabling programmable, PAM-independent repression of gene expression in bacteria.

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