5,964 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NusG is an intrinsic transcription termination factor that stimulates motility and coordinates gene expression with NusA

    Zachary F Mandell et al.
    The general transcription elongation factor NusG functions as an intrinsic termination factor in Bacillus subtilis and together with NusA coordinates global gene expression including the motility regulon.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intravital quantification reveals dynamic calcium concentration changes across B cell differentiation stages

    Carolin Ulbricht et al.
    Heterogeneity in cytoplasmic calcium concentration alongside B cell activation and differentiation is measured intravitally using an interdisciplinary imaging approach and novel numerical analysis.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Respiratory depression and analgesia by opioid drugs in freely behaving larval zebrafish

    Shenhab Zaig et al.
    Emerging approaches in larval zebrafish to identify safe opioid therapies without the side-effect of respiratory depression.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic association and causal inference converge on hyperglycaemia as a modifiable factor to improve lung function

    William R Reay et al.
    Genetic data revealed existing drugs that could be repurposed to improve lung function, with evidence that compounds which control blood glucose could be particularly useful for respiratory impairment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relationship between simultaneously recorded spiking activity and fluorescence signal in GCaMP6 transgenic mice

    Lawrence Huang et al.
    Simultaneous calcium imaging and cell-attached recording in GCaMP6 transgenic mice in vivo reveals spiking-fluorescence relationship that supports more refined inference of neuronal activities from calcium imaging data.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tissue-specific modulation of gene expression in response to lowered insulin signalling in Drosophila

    Luke Stephen Tain et al.
    Multi-omic profiling of gene expression in response to reduced insulin/IGF-like-signalling reveals tissue-specific regulation of DNA damage and lysosomal mannosidase regulation of tissue homeostasis as pro-longevity responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Egr2 induction in spiny projection neurons of the ventrolateral striatum contributes to cocaine place preference in mice

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    The ventrolateral striatum is found to be recruited during the encoding of cocaine preference, within which Egr2-expressing ensembles are functionally important, as is the expression of Egr2 within them.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Global epistasis emerges from a generic model of a complex trait

    Gautam Reddy, Michael M Desai
    Predictable patterns of fitness evolution observed in microbial evolution experiments can emerge generically as a consequence of widespread epistatic interactions between mutations.
    1. Cell Biology

    Glucose restriction drives spatial reorganization of mevalonate metabolism

    Sean Rogers et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses, coupled with fluorescence imaging, reveal that spatial compartmentalization of HMG-CoA Reductases at yeast ER-lysosome contacts modulates mevalonate pathway flux during glucose restriction, enabling metabolic adaptation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    How oscillating aerodynamic forces explain the timbre of the hummingbird’s hum and other animals in flapping flight

    Ben J Hightower et al.
    A first-principles acoustics model reveals how the acoustic spectrum generated by flapping wings originates from oscillating aerodynamic forces, and is validated by in vivo aerodynamic force measurements and acoustic holography.

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