1,001 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The kinetoplastid-infecting Bodo saltans virus (BsV), a window into the most abundant giant viruses in the sea

    Christoph M Deeg et al.
    Bodo saltans virus defines the most abundant giant viruses in the ocean and highlights the genomic plasticity, rooted in evolutionary arms races, that gave rise to giant viruses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryo-EM uncovers inchworm-like translocation of a viral IRES through the ribosome

    Priyanka D Abeyrathne et al.
    An ensemble of cryo-EM structures reveals how eukaryotic elongation factor 2 positions the first codon of a viral mRNA for translation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of the COPII transport-vesicle coat assembled on membranes

    Giulia Zanetti et al.
    A structure of the complete, membrane bound, COPII coat solved by sub-tomogram averaging reveals the arrangement of all protein subunits on the membrane and suggests a mechanism for coating heterogeneously-shaped carriers.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shape selection and mis-assembly in viral capsid formation by elastic frustration

    Carlos I Mendoza, David Reguera
    Nucleation, elasticity theory, and simulations were combined to construct a general phase diagram that elucidates the conditions for successful viral assembly and the key factors to prevent it.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the Hi5 germ cell line from Trichoplusia ni, an agricultural pest and novel model for small RNA biology

    Yu Fu et al.
    The genome sequence of Trichoplusia ni enables the use of this widespread lepidopteran pest as a model for both the study of small RNA pathways and insecticide resistance.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Reconstitution of selective HIV-1 RNA packaging in vitro by membrane-bound Gag assemblies

    Lars-Anders Carlson et al.
    In vitro reconstitution shows how HIV-1 Gag assemblies on membranes can package the RNA genome in the presence of a vast excess of competing cellular RNAs, and that selectivity and immature lattice assembly are deeply intertwined with one another.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural elucidation of a novel mechanism for the bacteriophage-based inhibition of the RNA degradosome

    An Van den Bossche et al.
    A bacteriophage remodels the RNA metabolism machinery of a bacterial host to sequentially clear host transcripts and then stabilize the viral RNA.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Measuring the optimal exposure for single particle cryo-EM using a 2.6 Å reconstruction of rotavirus VP6

    Timothy Grant, Nikolaus Grigorieff
    The resolution of electron cryo-microscopy can be improved by using optimal exposure values to filter video frames.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Roles of the membrane-reentrant β-hairpin-like loop of RseP protease in selective substrate cleavage

    Koichiro Akiyama et al.
    Mutational analysis and biochemical experiments suggest that the conserved β-hairpin-like membrane-reentrant loop of RseP - an S2P family intramembrane cleaving protease - helps to discriminate substrates by directly interacting with their transmembrane segments.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Single nuclei RNA-seq of mouse placental labyrinth development

    Bryan Marsh, Robert Blelloch
    A time-course of single nuclei RNA-seq of the mouse placenta identifies trophoblast subtypes and the genes, signaling events, and transcriptional networks important for their differentiation, maintenance, and function.

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