60 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defective AMH signaling disrupts GnRH neuron development and function and contributes to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

    Samuel Andrew Malone et al.
    Mouse in vivo and in vitro analysis and human genetic screening highlight the role of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) signaling in GnRH neuronal development and function, and identify mutations in AMH and AMHR2 in CHH patients.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-frequency stimulation-induced peptide release synchronizes arcuate kisspeptin neurons and excites GnRH neurons

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Kisspeptin neurons in the hypothalamus release peptide and amino acid neurotransmitters that work together to coordinate the activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons and subsequent release of reproductive hormones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different dendritic domains of the GnRH neuron underlie the pulse and surge modes of GnRH secretion in female mice

    Li Wang et al.
    Electrical activity at the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuron cell body and proximal dendrites is not required for the pulsatile secretion of GnRH that controls fertility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Highly redundant neuropeptide volume co-transmission underlying episodic activation of the GnRH neuron dendron

    Xinhuai Liu et al.
    The arcuate nucleus kisspeptin neurons express multiple transmitters but use only the neuropeptide kisspeptin to drive the episodic secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Growth hormone-releasing hormone disruption extends lifespan and regulates response to caloric restriction in mice

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Mice with a mutation that disrupts the release of growth hormone show greatly increased lifespan, which can be further increased by caloric restriction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Genetic dissection of the different roles of hypothalamic kisspeptin neurons in regulating female reproduction

    Luhong Wang et al.
    Estradiol regulates the pre-ovulatory luteinizing hormone surge through hypothalamic anteroventral periventricular kisspeptin neurons and maintains reproductive cyclicity through arcuate kisspeptin neurons in an activational manner.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multimodal cell tracking from systemic administration to tumour growth by combining gold nanorods and reporter genes

    Joan Comenge et al.
    Combined cell labelling with a bi-cistronic reporter-gene vector and gold nanorods enables short- and long-term cell tracking in vivo via multimodal imaging (multispectral optoacoustic tomography, bioluminescence, fluorescence) with high spatial resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    NKB signaling in the posterodorsal medial amygdala stimulates gonadotropin release in a kisspeptin-independent manner in female mice

    Chrysanthi Fergani et al.
    Kiss1 neurons and NKB-responsive neurons of the medial amygdala stimulate LH release in females through different (previously unknown) pathways which, in the case of NKB-responsive neurons, are kisspeptin-independent but estradiol-dependent.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The transcription factor odd-paired regulates temporal identity in transit-amplifying neural progenitors via an incoherent feed-forward loop

    Merve Deniz Abdusselamoglu et al.
    Odd-paired (opa) is required for the progression of temporal patterning in Drosophila neural progenitors to regulate temporal identities via an incoherent feed-forward loop.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cell-type heterogeneity in the early zebrafish olfactory epithelium is generated from progenitors within preplacodal ectoderm

    Raphaël Aguillon et al.
    Several neuronal subtypes found in the early zebrafish olfactory placode are not derived from the neural crest, as previously thought, but from the preplacodal ectoderm.

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