702 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based analysis of CysZ-mediated cellular uptake of sulfate

    Zahra Assur Sanghai et al.
    Structures of CysZ show a antiparallel membrane protein with an unanticipated fold and together with functional characterization provide insight into a bacterial sulfate translocating system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    SRSF3 promotes pluripotency through Nanog mRNA export and coordination of the pluripotency gene expression program

    Madara Ratnadiwakara et al.
    RNA-binding protein SRSF3 mediates critical changes in RNA processing of pluripotency genes, which reveals functional consequences of regulated RNA processing during stem cell self-renewal and early development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical detection of three modes of endocytosis at hippocampal synapses

    Natali L Chanaday, Ege T Kavalali
    Single synaptic vesicle imaging shows that kinetically distinct endocytic pathways are differentially regulated by calcium and temperature, and influence the fidelity of synaptic vesicle protein retrieval.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two complement receptor one alleles have opposing associations with cerebral malaria and interact with α+thalassaemia

    D Herbert Opi et al.
    Analysis of a large Kenyan dataset may resolve previously conflicting studies by identifying polymorphisms which interact to modify the risk of cerebral malaria.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Negative regulation of G2-M by ATR (mei-41)/Chk1(Grapes) facilitates tracheoblast growth and tracheal hypertrophy in Drosophila

    Amrutha Kizhedathu et al.
    ATR/Chk1 contribute to G2 arrest in developing tracheoblasts, and arrest in G2 facilitates cellular and hypertrophic organ growth.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Computer-guided design of optimal microbial consortia for immune system modulation

    Richard R Stein et al.
    A computational method is presented that quantifies the effect that specific bacteria in the gut have on the immune system and guides the design of therapeutically potent microbial consortia to cure auto-immune disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor selection dynamics in FEF explain the reaction time variance of saccades to single targets

    Christopher K Hauser et al.
    Oculomotor circuits are always busy planning the next eye movement, and this explains why, when a visual target appears, some eye movements toward it are produced very quickly whereas others take a long time to prepare.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Human LINE-1 retrotransposition requires a metastable coiled coil and a positively charged N-terminus in L1ORF1p

    Elena Khazina, Oliver Weichenrieder
    Human LINE-1 retrotransposition is found to critically depend on the rapidly evolving N-terminal sequence of the LINE-1 ORF1 protein and on the metastability of its coiled coil domain, indicating uncharacterized steps in LINE-1 retrotransposition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic and postnatal neurogenesis produce functionally distinct subclasses of dopaminergic neuron

    Elisa Galliano et al.
    In the mouse olfactory bulb, different types of local dopaminergic interneuron are produced before and after birth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rat anterior cingulate cortex recalls features of remote reward locations after disfavoured reinforcements

    Ali Mashhoori et al.
    The anterior cingulate cortex intermixes a precise spatial map with a cognitive map of the task, and spontaneously recalls multimodal information about unrealized choice outcomes during pauses in behavior after reinforcements.

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