703 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An analog to digital converter controls bistable transfer competence development of a widespread bacterial integrative and conjugative element

    Nicolas Carraro et al.
    A new multistep hierarchical cascade controls activation of an integrative and conjugative element in a small subpopulation of cells in its bacterial host, yielding proficient DNA transferring cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Estrogen exacerbates mammary involution through neutrophil-dependent and -independent mechanism

    Chew Leng Lim et al.
    Estrogen aggravates mammary involution through lysosome-mediated cell death, neutrophil recruitment via CXCR2 signalling, neutrophil-mediated inflammation and adipocyte repopulation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Stochastic logistic models reproduce experimental time series of microbial communities

    Lana Descheemaeker, Sophie de Buyl
    Properties of various microbial communities time series, such as the noise color and neutrality, are captured by stochastic generalized Lotka-Volterra equations, even in the absence of interactions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Improving a probabilistic cytoarchitectonic atlas of auditory cortex using a novel method for inter-individual alignment

    Omer Faruk Gulban et al.
    Inter-individual human brain alignment that uses macro-anatomical priors in addition to cortical curvature improves micro-anatomical correspondence between auditory areas.
    1. Ecology

    Diversity-decomposition relationships in forests worldwide

    Liang Kou et al.
    Carbon dynamics and the relative availability of key nutrients during litter decomposition are modified by changing biodiversity in the Earth’s forests.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Divergent sensory investment mirrors potential speciation via niche partitioning across Drosophila

    Ian W Keesey et al.
    Phototaxis and courtship behavioral preferences reflect strong correlation with differences in olfactory and visual nervous system investment across five monophyletic Drosophila species, and could help explain their speciation events.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Intrinsic excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic men versus women

    Stavros Trakoshis et al.
    Excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic males versus females.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Infant and adult SCA13 mutations differentially affect Purkinje cell excitability, maturation, and viability in vivo

    Jui-Yi Hsieh et al.
    Electrophysiological analysis and imaging in live zebrafish reveal that infant- and adult-onset SCA13 mutations have distinct effects on the electrical activity, development, and survival of cerebellar Purkinje cells.

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