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    1. Cell Biology

    A two-step mechanism for the inactivation of microtubule organizing center function at the centrosome

    Jérémy Magescas et al.
    The microtubule organizing potential of the centrosome is inactivated in a stepwise process through phosphatase activity and mechanical disruption to remove an aging matrix of proteins.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Variable opportunities for outcrossing result in hotspots of novel genetic variation in a pathogen metapopulation

    Anna-Liisa Laine et al.
    In natural pathogen populations opportunities for sexual outcrossing vary, leading to spatial variation in genetic diversity and between-season survival.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The antimicrobial peptide defensin cooperates with tumour necrosis factor to drive tumour cell death in Drosophila

    Jean-Philippe Parvy et al.
    Natural activity of the antimicrobial peptide Defensin includes execution of tumour cell death by tumour necrosis factor in Drosophila.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell-sized confinement controls generation and stability of a protein wave for spatiotemporal regulation in cells

    Shunshi Kohyama et al.
    A cell-sized fully confined space significantly controls the emergence and stability of a protein wave, resulting in intracellular spatiotemporal regulation driven by a reaction-diffusion mechanism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into flagellar stator–rotor interactions

    Yunjie Chang et al.
    In situ structural analysis of bacterial flagellar motor in the Lyme disease spirochete reveals novel conformational change driven by proton motive force.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Identification of TMEM206 proteins as pore of PAORAC/ASOR acid-sensitive chloride channels

    Florian Ullrich et al.
    TMEM206 proteins are identified as constituting the pore of the widely expressed acid-activated chloride channel PAORAC/ASOR, which is important in acid toxicity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Combinations of Spok genes create multiple meiotic drivers in Podospora

    Aaron A Vogan et al.
    Members of a single gene family determine the genomic basis of multiple coexisting meiotic drive elements in natural populations of Podospora.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Critical roles of ARHGAP36 as a signal transduction mediator of Shh pathway in lateral motor columnar specification

    Heejin Nam et al.
    Shh, produced by postmitotic spinal neurons, plays crucial roles in the specification of the lateral motor column of the spinal cord through ARHGAP36.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Flavodiiron proteins 1–to-4 function in versatile combinations in O2 photoreduction in cyanobacteria

    Anita Santana-Sanchez et al.
    In vivo evidence is provided indicating that Flv2/Flv4, together with Flv1/Flv3, mediate O2 photoreduction downstream of PSI in a highly coordinated manner.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterizing functional pathways of the human olfactory system

    Guangyu Zhou et al.
    Human primary olfactory cortical regions can be parcellated into anatomically distinct areas based on whole-brain functional connectivity profiles, suggesting distinct, parallel functional pathways in the human olfactory system.