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    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuation of dopamine-modulated prefrontal value signals underlies probabilistic reward learning deficits in old age

    Lieke de Boer et al.
    Attenuated anticipatory activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex is modulated by dopamine D1 receptor density in nucleus accumbens, and accounts for impaired probabilistic reward learning in older adults.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Role of Tim17 in coupling the import motor to the translocation channel of the mitochondrial presequence translocase

    Keren Demishtein-Zohary et al.
    First two transmembrane segments of Tim17 are involved in interaction with the channel and the second two with the motor of the presequence translocase suggesting how proteins are handed over during their translocation into mitochondria.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptional networks specifying homeostatic and inflammatory programs of gene expression in human aortic endothelial cells

    Nicholas T Hogan et al.
    An integrative genome-wide approach supports a direct and collaborative role of ETS and AP-1 transcription factors in maintaining endothelial cell-specific and anti-inflammatory gene expression programs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD301b+ dendritic cells suppress T follicular helper cells and antibody responses to protein antigens

    Yosuke Kumamoto et al.
    CD301b dendritic cells potently suppress antibody responses by limiting the activity of follicular helper T cells and germinal center B cells.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metabolite exchange between microbiome members produces compounds that influence Drosophila behavior

    Caleb N Fischer et al.
    Interactions between fungal and bacterial microbiome members alter Drosophila melanogaster's chemical environment, affecting host behavior and survival.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory dynamics of visual hallucinations in the normal population

    Joel Pearson et al.
    A new method for inducing, measuring and modelling visual hallucinations in healthy people reveals that hallucinations share common underlying mechanisms with normal sensory perception.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Structures of TorsinA and its disease-mutant complexed with an activator reveal the molecular basis for primary dystonia

    F Esra Demircioglu et al.
    High resolution structures of the essential human AAA+ ATPase TorsinA and its disease mutant in complex with an activator reveal details of the interaction that will guide drug design and further functional characterization.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Determination of ubiquitin fitness landscapes under different chemical stresses in a classroom setting

    David Mavor et al.
    Chemical perturbation-dependent deep mutational scanning data collected by a lab-based interdisciplinary graduate class resolves a paradox between the high evolution conservation and the high mutational tolerance of the protein ubiquitin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocyte morphology is confined by cortical functional boundaries in mammals ranging from mice to human

    Raya Eilam et al.
    The structural morphology of astrocyte processes is constrained by functional boundaries in the mouse, rat and human cortex.