90 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomere repeats induce domains of H3K27 methylation in Neurospora

    Kirsty Jamieson et al.
    Vast regions of facultative heterochromatin marked by methylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 depend on their proximity to chromosome ends and can be induced ectopically by insertion of telomere repeats.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ASH1-catalyzed H3K36 methylation drives gene repression and marks H3K27me2/3-competent chromatin

    Vincent T Bicocca et al.
    While SET-2 methylates histone H3K36 during transcription, ASH1 methylates this residue in repressed regions, is important for silencing, and can both positively and negatively influence methylation of histone H3K27.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K27 modifications define segmental regulatory domains in the Drosophila bithorax complex

    Sarah K Bowman et al.
    Segment-specific boundaries of histone modifications reveal the regulatory logic of a classic developmental control region.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of histone H3K23 blocks DNA damage in pericentric heterochromatin during meiosis

    Romeo Papazyan et al.
    A previously unappreciated histone methylation pathway helps limit DNA double-strand break formation and recombination in heterochromatin during meiosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3G34R mutation causes replication stress, homologous recombination defects and genomic instability in S. pombe

    Rajesh K Yadav et al.
    Mutation of Glycine 34 to Arginine within the N-terminal tail of histone H3 alters post-translational modifications on Lysine 36 and is associated with a delay in replication restart, defective homologous recombination and an increase in genomic instability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated control of terminal differentiation and restriction of cellular plasticity

    Tulsi Patel, Oliver Hobert
    Transcription factors that specify the identity of individual neuron types via activating terminal differentiation gene batteries also restrict cellular plasticity via altering the chromatin landscape.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancient yet flexible cis-regulatory architecture allows localized Hedgehog tuning by patched/Ptch1

    David S Lorberbaum et al.
    The seemingly simple, constitutive response of the patched/Ptch1 gene to Hedgehog signaling is in fact regulated by large batteries of context-specific Hedgehog-responsive enhancers in both fly and mouse, allowing tissue-specific tuning of the Hedgehog pathway in animal development and evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MOF-associated complexes ensure stem cell identity and Xist repression

    Tomasz Chelmicki et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF engage in a two-pronged approach to ensure the repression of X inactivation in mouse embryonic stem cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of human polycomb repressive complex 2

    Claudio Ciferri et al.
    Electron microscopy has been used to produce the first three-dimensional image of the PRC2 gene-silencing complex.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mof-associated complexes have overlapping and unique roles in regulating pluripotency in embryonic stem cells and during differentiation

    Sarina Ravens et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF have distinct regulatory roles in the growth and development of pluripotent embryonic stem cells

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