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    1. Neuroscience

    C. elegans orthologs MUT-7/CeWRN-1 of Werner syndrome protein regulate neuronal plasticity

    Tsung-Yuan Hsu et al.
    The olfactory learning of Caenorhabditis elegans shows that the exonuclease and helicase domains of human Werner syndrome protein (WRN) coordinately regulate the biogenesis of small interfering RNAs to promote neuronal plasticity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary transcriptomics implicates HAND2 in the origins of implantation and regulation of gestation length

    Mirna Marinić et al.
    The transcription factor HAND2 evolved uterine expression during the origins of pregnancy and may be important for maternal-fetal immune signaling and parturition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    HP1 proteins compact DNA into mechanically and positionally stable phase separated domains

    Madeline M Keenen et al.
    Heterochromatin proteins compartmentalize DNA into compact structures resistant to mechanical disruption but susceptible to competitive dissolution.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A β-catenin-driven switch in TCF/LEF transcription factor binding to DNA target sites promotes commitment of mammalian nephron progenitor cells

    Qiuyu Guo et al.
    β-Catenin-mediated expansion of nephron progenitors is independent of direct β-catenin/chromatin engagement, while progenitor induction proceeds with a β-catenin-driven switch of repressive TCFL1/TCFL2 to activating TCF7/LEF1 factors on transcriptionally poised enhancers.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Epigenetic reprogramming rewires transcription during the alternation of generations in Arabidopsis

    Michael Borg et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming of the distinct repressive marks H3K27me3 or H3K9me2 guides the transition between the haploid and diploid life forms that encompass the life cycle of land plants.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic effects of genetic variation on gene expression revealed following hypoxic stress in cardiomyocytes

    Michelle C Ward et al.
    Cellular stress in a disease-relevant cell type uncovers novel genetic effects on gene expression, which is likely relevant for disease.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A nuclease- and bisulfite-based strategy captures strand-specific R-loops genome-wide

    Phillip Wulfridge, Kavitha Sarma
    BisMapR reveals strand-specific R-loops with high resolution at small-scale genomic features including bidirectionally transcribed promoters and enhancers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Intronic enhancer region governs transcript-specific Bdnf expression in rodent neurons

    Jürgen Tuvikene et al.
    An evolutionarily conserved neuron-specific and stimulus-dependent enhancer region downstream of the Bdnf exon III regulates the expression of Bdnf transcripts starting from the upstream 5' exons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    SNPC-1.3 is a sex-specific transcription factor that drives male piRNA expression in C. elegans

    Charlotte P Choi et al.
    snpc-1.3 specifies male piRNA transcription and is regulated by the sex determination pathway.
    1. Cancer Biology

    SATB2 induction of a neural crest mesenchyme-like program drives melanoma invasion and drug resistance

    Maurizio Fazio et al.
    A genetic discovery screen for epigenetic factors accelerating melanoma development in vivo identifies SATB2 as a driver of tumor invasion and resistance to FDA-approved BRAF-targeted inhibitor Vemurafenib.