424 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    AP2 hemicomplexes contribute independently to synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Mingyu Gu et al.
    A protein complex that enables cells to transport substances across their membranes, and that typically consists of four subunits, can also function as two hemicomplexes, each with two subunits.
    1. Cell Biology

    NECAPs are negative regulators of the AP2 clathrin adaptor complex

    Gwendolyn M Beacham et al.
    Endocytosis is regulated by a protein family that recycles the AP2 clathrin adaptor by restoring the inactive form of complex.
    1. Cell Biology

    The membrane-associated proteins FCHo and SGIP are allosteric activators of the AP2 clathrin adaptor complex

    Gunther Hollopeter et al.
    Endocytosis is triggered by membrane-associated proteins that transform the clathrin adaptor into an active complex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A structural mechanism for phosphorylation-dependent inactivation of the AP2 complex

    Edward A Partlow et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals how a protein called NECAP inactivates the AP2 clathrin adaptor complex through concerted engagement of two domains which confer specificity for membrane-activated and phosphorylated AP2.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling the drivers of the spread of Plasmodium falciparum hrp2 gene deletions in sub-Saharan Africa

    Oliver J Watson et al.
    The introduction of rapid diagnostic testing for Plasmodium falciparum infections can explain an increased emergence of diagnostic resistant pfhrp2-deleted parasites in sub-Saharan Africa.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Hepatitis B virus core protein allosteric modulators can distort and disrupt intact capsids

    Christopher John Schlicksup et al.
    Small molecule antivirals that drive assembly of HBV capsid protein can also bind to pre-assembled capsids causing them to change morphology or even break, suggesting a complex transduction of binding effects across the capsid.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dissecting the sharp response of a canonical developmental enhancer reveals multiple sources of cooperativity

    Jeehae Park et al.
    The sharp expression pattern driven by a classic, simple animal enhancer is determined by multiple molecular mechanisms, not only cooperative binding of the activating transcription factor as was previously thought.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phytotoxin production in Aspergillus terreus is regulated by independent environmental signals

    Markus Gressler et al.
    Elevated methionine levels, or a shortage of nitrogen or iron, induce terrein production in the fungus Aspergillus terreus.

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