5,628 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    High infectiousness immediately before COVID-19 symptom onset highlights the importance of continued contact tracing

    William S Hart et al.
    Fitting a mechanistic model to data from SARS-CoV-2 source-recipient pairs generates improved estimates of changes in infectiousness during infection, indicating substantial transmission shortly before symptom onset.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Identification of PARP-7 substrates reveals a role for MARylation in microtubule control in ovarian cancer cells

    Lavanya H Palavalli Parsons et al.
    PARP-7 is a mono(ADP-ribosyl) transferase that directs an extensive ADP-ribosylated proteome to control microtubule stability, and regulate ovarian cancer cell growth and motility.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide mapping in a house mouse hybrid zone reveals hybrid sterility loci and Dobzhansky-Muller interactions

    Leslie M Turner, Bettina Harr
    The genomic regions that cause male hybrids between house mouse subspecies to have low fertility have been identified.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Har-P, a short P-element variant, weaponizes P-transposase to severely impair Drosophila development

    Satyam P Srivastav et al.
    A female fertility syndrome in Drosophila called gonadal dysgenesis is caused by the P-transposase actively mobilizing a very short P-element variant that has been named the Har-P.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Disentangling strictly self-serving mutations from win-win mutations in a mutualistic microbial community

    Samuel Frederick Mock Hart et al.
    Whereas partner-serving phenotype is intuitively quantified as benefit release rate, molecular genetics revealed an example where this thinking fails, motivating a more general metric.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recurrent circuit dynamics underlie persistent activity in the macaque frontoparietal network

    Eric Hart, Alexander C Huk
    Simultaneous recordings of neural ensembles in both the frontal and parietal cortices reveal how persistent activity can be maintained in the primate brain during visuospatial working memory.
    1. Cell Biology

    The GARP complex is required for cellular sphingolipid homeostasis

    Florian Fröhlich et al.
    The retrograde vesicular trafficking GARP complex, which is mutated in a neurodegenerative disease, is important for sphingolipid homeostasis in yeast and mammalian cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Linguistic processing of task-irrelevant speech at a cocktail party

    Paz Har-shai Yahav, Elana Zion Golumbic
    Syntactic structure-building processes can be applied to speech that is task-irrelevant and should be ignored, demonstrating that Selective Attention does not fully eliminate linguistic processing of competing speech.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal patterns of neocortical activity around hippocampal sharp-wave ripples

    J Karimi Abadchi et al.
    The hippocampus and neocortex engage in waves of mutual excitation wherein a sharp wave-ripple may occur at any time before, during or after the peak of the hippocampal-neocortical activation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Identification of PNG kinase substrates uncovers interactions with the translational repressor TRAL in the oocyte-to-embryo transition

    Masatoshi Hara et al.
    The threonine kinase controls maternal mRNA translation phosphorylate components of the translational machinery, including translational repressors, which appear to inactivate to promote the oocyte-to-embryo transition.

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