9,380 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential herd protection against Plasmodium falciparum infections conferred by mass antimalarial drug administrations

    Daniel M Parker et al.
    Given sufficient population adherence, mass drug administration for falciparum malaria can provide group level benefits, also known as ‘herd effects’.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    CRISPR-based herd immunity can limit phage epidemics in bacterial populations

    Pavel Payne et al.
    Bacteria can exhibit herd immunity protection against phages, which may play a significant role in their ecology and evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct mechanisms mediate speed-accuracy adjustments in cortico-subthalamic networks

    Damian M Herz et al.
    Dynamic changes in activity and connectivity of the human subthalamic nucleus reflect whether a decision will be made in haste or with caution.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    PAX3-FOXO1 transgenic zebrafish models identify HES3 as a mediator of rhabdomyosarcoma tumorigenesis

    Genevieve C Kendall et al.
    The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, HES3, acts downstream of the PAX3-FOXO1 fusion oncogene to impair muscle differentiation and promote tumorigenesis in rhabdomyosarcoma, a childhood muscle cancer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Her2 activation mechanism reflects evolutionary preservation of asymmetric ectodomain dimers in the human EGFR family

    Anton Arkhipov et al.
    The structural basis for Her2's role as a dedicated heterodimerization partner for other EGFR family receptors is elucidated with long-timescale atomistic simulations.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inhibitor-induced HER2-HER3 heterodimerisation promotes proliferation through a novel dimer interface

    Jeroen Claus et al.
    The clinically approved HER2 inhibitor lapatinib causes HER2 and HER3 kinase domains to dimerise in a non-canonical, symmetric orientation, providing a platform for oligomerisation and predisposing to receptor-driven cell proliferation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    The histone deacetylase complex MiDAC regulates a neurodevelopmental gene expression program to control neurite outgrowth

    Baisakhi Mondal et al.
    Identification of the underlying molecular gene-regulatory mechanisms by which the histone deacetylase complex MiDAC controls neurite outgrowth.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Inducing conformational preference of the membrane protein transporter EmrE through conservative mutations

    Maureen Leninger et al.
    Conservative mutations within a secondary active transport protein influenced the conformational equilibrium probed using NMR spectroscopy which correlated to the functional output in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Single-molecule functional anatomy of endogenous HER2-HER3 heterodimers

    Byoungsan Choi et al.
    Single-molecule immunoprecipitation method reveals that the high catalytic rate and multi-tasking capability make a concerted contribution to the strong signaling potency of the HER2-HER3 heterodimers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Crohn’s disease polymorphism, ATG16L1 T300A, alters the gut microbiota and enhances the local Th1/Th17 response

    Sydney Lavoie et al.
    Gnotobiotic and conventional mouse models of the IBD ATG16L1T300A SNP reveal gene-microbiota-immune interactions.

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