4,789 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A genome-to-genome analysis of associations between human genetic variation, HIV-1 sequence diversity, and viral control

    István Bartha et al.
    An innovative strategy in genome analysis has generated a detailed description of how pathogens mutate when facing human genetic diversity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Development of antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity function in HIV-1 antibodies

    Laura E Doepker et al.
    HIV-specific antibodies that mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity vary in their paths to achieve function but commonly rely on mutations in multiple regions, including framework regions, to reach full potency.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic analysis of the unstimulated in vivo HIV CD4 T cell reservoir

    Jason Neidleman et al.
    An in-depth view of the in vivo blood and tissue HIV reservoir is presented highlighting shared phenotypic features between individuals, thus enabling marked ex vivo enrichment of replication-competent latent cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interferon lambda 4 impacts the genetic diversity of hepatitis C virus

    M Azim Ansari et al.
    Interferon lambda 4, a protein part of the innate immune response, drives major amino acids selection in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mechanistic model for long-term immunological outcomes in South African HIV-infected children and adults receiving ART

    Eva Liliane Ujeneza et al.
    Long-term immune outcomes vary with age, for both adults and children in HIV-infected populations, e.g. long-term scaled carrying capacity is lower in HIV-infected younger individuals compared to older individuals.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Assessing the danger of self-sustained HIV epidemics in heterosexuals by population based phylogenetic cluster analysis

    Teja Turk et al.
    A method to assess the risk of self-sustained HIV transmission in heterosexuals from phylogenetic and epidemiological data is developed and, when applied to the Swiss HIV epidemic, shows that this risk is negligibly small for Switzerland.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tuberculosis-associated IFN-I induces Siglec-1 on tunneling nanotubes and favors HIV-1 spread in macrophages

    Maeva Dupont et al.
    Type-I interferon enriched microenvironment generated by Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces the Siglec-1 receptor expression in human macrophages, including on tunneling nanotubes, and contributes to the exacerbation of cell-to-cell transfer of HIV-1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 latent reservoir is largely sensitive to circulating T cells

    Joanna A Warren et al.
    HIV-specific T cells remain detectable for years in HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy and importantly, mostly (68%) recognize HIV viruses that have the capacity to rebound following treatment interruption.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.

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