4,047 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Temporal proteomic analysis of HIV infection reveals remodelling of the host phosphoproteome by lentiviral Vif variants

    Edward JD Greenwood et al.
    A comprehensive whole cell proteomic map describing expression time courses of >6,500 viral and cellular proteins during HIV infection identifies Vif-dependent antagonism of key cellular phosphatase PP2A.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 DNA predicts disease progression and post-treatment virological control

    James P Williams et al.
    Measuring HIV-1 DNA levels at the time of stopping antiretroviral therapy (when initiated during primary infection) predicts clinical progression and the time taken for plasma viraemia to become detectable.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Infection with a newly designed dual fluorescent reporter HIV-1 effectively identifies latently infected CD4+ T cells

    Jinfeng Cai et al.
    A novel reporter model system serves as a valuable tool for studying latent HIV-1 infection and identifies potent latency reversing agent.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    N6-methyladenosine of HIV-1 RNA regulates viral infection and HIV-1 Gag protein expression

    Nagaraja Tirumuru et al.
    Human proteins that add or remove the methyladenosine modification of cellular RNA, or recognize methylated RNA significantly affect HIV-1 infection or viral protein synthesis in cells, suggesting an important role for HIV-1 RNA methylation in regulating viral replication.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A molecular tweezer antagonizes seminal amyloids and HIV infection

    Edina Lump et al.
    CLR01 is a small molecule that could be an effective topical microbicide to eliminate HIV (and other enveloped viruses), and to antagonize host-encoded amyloid fibrils that promote HIV infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of HIV co-infection on the evolution and transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

    Vegard Eldholm et al.
    HIV co-infection does not affect Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutation rates and does not drive the emergence of antimicrobial resistance within patients in the largest outbreak of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Latin America to date.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional proteomic atlas of HIV infection in primary human CD4+ T cells

    Adi Naamati et al.
    Identification and characterisation of proteins and processes regulated by HIV in primary human CD4+ T cells using an HIV reporter virus for one-step, antibody-free magnetic selection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Diverse fates of uracilated HIV-1 DNA during infection of myeloid lineage cells

    Erik C Hansen et al.
    Uracil/adenine base pairs in HIV-1 DNA are attacked by the uracil base excision repair machinery in macrophages, which leads to HIV restriction and viral genome diversification by transcription-associated mutagenesis.

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