3,704 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viruses: The secrets of the stability of the HIV-1 capsid

    Martin Obr, Hans-Georg Kräusslich
    Structural and biophysical studies help to follow the disassembly of the HIV-1 capsid in vitro, and reveal the role of a small molecule called IP6 in regulating capsid stability.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for potent and broad inhibition of HIV-1 RT by thiophene[3,2-d]pyrimidine non-nucleoside inhibitors

    Yang Yang et al.
    High-resolution structures of HIV-1 RT in complex with two newly developed non-nucleoside inhibitors explain how they retain antiviral activities against drug-resistant RT mutants with considerably reduced susceptibility to rilpivirine.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetics of HIV-1 capsid uncoating revealed by single-molecule analysis

    Chantal L Márquez et al.
    Disassembly of the HIV-1 capsid is a catastrophic process, whereby initiation and propagation can be controlled independently by molecules that bind to different features of the capsid lattice.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population genomics of intrapatient HIV-1 evolution

    Fabio Zanini et al.
    Whole genome deep sequencing of many longitudinally sampled HIV-1 populations reveals that reversions towards ancestral HIV-1 genome sequences occur throughout the course of infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Longitudinal imaging of HIV-1 spread in humanized mice with parallel 3D immunofluorescence and electron tomography

    Collin Kieffer et al.
    Combined tissue clearing, 3D-immunofluorescence, and electron tomography spatially revealed the dynamics of early HIV-1 spread within lymphoid tissues of humanized mice at the resolution of single cells and individual virions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    HID-1 is required for homotypic fusion of immature secretory granules during maturation

    Wen Du et al.
    HID-1 is a novel player mediating homotypic fusion of immature secretory granules.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    N6-methyladenosine of HIV-1 RNA regulates viral infection and HIV-1 Gag protein expression

    Nagaraja Tirumuru et al.
    Human proteins that add or remove the methyladenosine modification of cellular RNA, or recognize methylated RNA significantly affect HIV-1 infection or viral protein synthesis in cells, suggesting an important role for HIV-1 RNA methylation in regulating viral replication.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Reconstitution of selective HIV-1 RNA packaging in vitro by membrane-bound Gag assemblies

    Lars-Anders Carlson et al.
    In vitro reconstitution shows how HIV-1 Gag assemblies on membranes can package the RNA genome in the presence of a vast excess of competing cellular RNAs, and that selectivity and immature lattice assembly are deeply intertwined with one another.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is captured and displayed for B cell recognition by SIGN-R1+ lymph node macrophages

    Chung Park et al.
    Lymph node gp120 specific B cells extract locally injected HIV-1 gp120 from SIGN-R1 positive macrophages that line the subcapsular sinus overlying the lymph node interfollicular channels.

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