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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rhabdo-immunodeficiency virus, a murine model of acute HIV-1 infection

    Rachel A Liberatore et al.
    A new animal model permits the in vivo study of HIV-1 entry, as well as the elicitation and antiviral activity of antibodies, in a genetically manipulatable host.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structure of dopamine receptor D4 bound to the subtype selective ligand, L745870

    Ye Zhou et al.
    The structure of receptor-ligand complex reveals the ligand binding selectivity among different dopamine receptor subtypes and also shows how this ligand class inhibits receptor activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A projection specific logic to sampling visual inputs in mouse superior colliculus

    Katja Reinhard et al.
    Transsynaptic viral tracing reveals that neurons in the superior colliculus employ projection specific rules to the sampling of retinal inputs, directing distinct visual features to different downstream targets.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Drosophila macrophages switch to aerobic glycolysis to mount effective antibacterial defense

    Gabriela Krejčová et al.
    Activated Drosophila macrophages undergo transient metabolic remodeling towards Hypoxia inducible factor 1 α-driven aerobic glycolysis, a program that induces systemic metabolic changes and is crucial for resistance to infection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor cortex can directly drive the globus pallidus neurons in a projection neuron type-dependent manner in the rat

    Fuyuki Karube et al.
    Globus pallidus neurons projecting to the striatum are preferentially activated by direct glutamatergic innervation from the motor cortex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A proline-rich motif on VGLUT1 reduces synaptic vesicle super-pool and spontaneous release frequency

    Xiao Min Zhang et al.
    In mammals, the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 acquired a proline-rich sequence that negatively regulates the spontaneous release of glutamate by reducing the exchange of synaptic vesicles along the axon.
    1. Cell Biology

    Function of hTim8a in complex IV assembly in neuronal cells provides insight into pathomechanism underlying Mohr-Tranebjærg syndrome

    Yilin Kang et al.
    A neuronal specific function of the mitochondrial chaperone, hTim8a in Complex IV biology provides insight into the pathomechanisms underlying the mitochondrial disease, Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid learning and unlearning of predicted sensory delays in self-generated touch

    Konstantina Kilteni et al.
    The brain continuously updates the learned temporal relationship between motor commands and their associated somatosensory feedback, which determines the perceived intensity and ticklishness of self-touch.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IFI16, a nuclear innate immune DNA sensor, mediates epigenetic silencing of herpesvirus genomes by its association with H3K9 methyltransferases SUV39H1 and GLP

    Arunava Roy et al.
    The innate immune DNA sensor IFI16 is in association with H3K9 methyltransferases SUV39H1 and GLP under physiological conditions in the nucleus which facilitates the epigenetic silencing of foreign viral DNA.
    1. Cell Biology

    The mammalian LINC complex component SUN1 regulates muscle regeneration by modulating drosha activity

    Tsui Han Loo et al.
    The LINC complex, that couples the interphase cytoskeleton to the nucleus, regulates the processing of a cluster of miRNAs required for muscle regeneration by recruiting and interacting directly with Drosha.