530 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Germline VRC01 antibody recognition of a modified clade C HIV-1 envelope trimer and a glycosylated HIV-1 gp120 core

    Andrew J Borst et al.
    An integrative structural and biophysical workflow indicates engagement of VRC01 germline antibodies can occur with a gp120 426c core construct containing all wild-type N-linked glycosylation sites, including the Asn276 glycan.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CCL2 mobilizes ALIX to facilitate Gag-p6 mediated HIV-1 virion release

    David O Ajasin et al.
    Effect of CCL2 on HIV-1 replication is mediated by mobilization of ALIX from F-actin leading to enhanced virion release and improved fitness and this requires the Gag late motif, LYPX.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Deep evolutionary analysis reveals the design principles of fold A glycosyltransferases

    Rahil Taujale et al.
    Deep mining of GT-A fold sequences provides an evolutionary framework for investigating complex relationships connecting GT-A fold sequence, structure, function and regulation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating genotypes and phenotypes improves long-term forecasts of seasonal influenza A/H3N2 evolution

    John Huddleston et al.
    The combination of phenotypic measures of antigenic drift and genotypic measures of functional constraint improves the accuracy of long-term seasonal influenza A/H3N2 forecasts.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Phylodynamic theory of persistence, extinction and speciation of rapidly adapting pathogens

    Le Yan et al.
    A model of pathogen co-evolving with host population continuously acquiring immunity is used to identify evolutionary parameters allowing pathogen population to persist without going extinct or splitting into independent lineages.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.

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