1,626 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Empty conformers of HLA-B preferentially bind CD8 and regulate CD8+ T cell function

    Jie Geng et al.
    HLA-B*35:01 molecules that are peptide-deficient are thermostable, bind CD8 with higher affinity than their peptide-filled versions, accumulate at immunological synapses and enhance antigen-specific CD8+ T cell immune responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Toxoplasma gondii peptide ligands open the gate of the HLA class I binding groove

    Curtis McMurtrey et al.
    T. gondii infection alters how peptide ligands are presented to the immune system by inducing a previously unreported structural change in Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs).
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Variations in HLA-B cell surface expression, half-life and extracellular antigen receptivity

    Brogan Yarzabek et al.
    Lymphocytes and monocytes maintain their cell surface HLA-B via different mechanisms, which in turn differently influence cell-surface expression, half-life and peptide receptivity of HLA-B allotypes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    La-related protein 1 (LARP1) binds the mRNA cap, blocking eIF4F assembly on TOP mRNAs

    Roni M Lahr et al.
    La-related protein 1 specifically and directly binds the 5' cap and first nucleotide of mRNAs encoding ribosomal proteins and translation factors, inhibiting the assembly of translation initiation factors on these messages and therefore their translation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Importin-9 wraps around the H2A-H2B core to act as nuclear importer and histone chaperone

    Abhilash Padavannil et al.
    In an unusual complex that is not dissociated by RanGTP alone, Importin-9 sequesters the H2A-H2B core from promiscuous interactions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity

    Prithvi Raj et al.
    Genetic variations that underlie common autoimmune disease genes are predominantly regulatory and modify the expression of multiple genes within the HLA gene complex and throughout the immune system.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H2A histone-fold and DNA elements in nucleosome activate SWR1-mediated H2A.Z replacement in budding yeast

    Anand Ranjan et al.
    Specific elements of the canonical nucleosome are recognized by the multi-component SWR1 chromatin remodeler for ATP-dependent replacement of H2A-H2B dimers with H2A.Z-H2B.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frizzled3 controls axonal development in distinct populations of cranial and spinal motor neurons

    Zhong L Hua et al.
    The signaling molecule Frizzled3 plays a part in the development of the nervous system by controlling the ability of motor neurons to form connections with distant target muscles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin improves behavioral and electrophysiological deficits in a novel Shank3-deficient rat

    Hala Harony-Nicolas et al.
    The production, validation and study of a novel rat model for Phelan McDermid Syndrome shows an ameliorative effect of oxytocin on both social and attentional deficits.

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