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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An open-source computational and data resource to analyze digital maps of immunopeptidomes

    Etienne Caron et al.
    A community-based international effort generates standardized HLA allele-specific peptide assay libraries and enables the analysis of the human immunopeptidome by SWATH mass spectrometry.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Systematic genetic analysis of the MHC region reveals mechanistic underpinnings of HLA type associations with disease

    Matteo D'Antonio et al.
    Analysis of the major histocompatibility complex using whole genome sequencing and RNA-seq data from hundreds of individuals provides novel insights into mechanisms underlying associations of this interval with disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Structural basis of pathogen recognition by an integrated HMA domain in a plant NLR immune receptor

    A Maqbool et al.
    Structure/function studies of a plant pathogen effector in complex with a host disease resistance protein domain reveal the molecular basis for recognition and underpin future engineering of immunity in crops.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single mutation in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus discovered in ticks impairs infectivity in human cells

    Brian L Hua et al.
    Tick-derived sequence variation in the fusion glycoprotein of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) drastically impairs infection of mammalian cells, suggesting that certain CCHFV strains undergo purifying selection in mammalian hosts.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Within-host evolutionary dynamics of seasonal and pandemic human influenza A viruses in young children

    Alvin X Han et al.
    The longer duration of seasonal influenza virus infection in young children may provide opportunities for within-host evolution as a result of maintenance of genetic diversity through mutation-selection balance.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A genome-to-genome analysis of associations between human genetic variation, HIV-1 sequence diversity, and viral control

    István Bartha et al.
    An innovative strategy in genome analysis has generated a detailed description of how pathogens mutate when facing human genetic diversity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    La-related protein 1 (LARP1) binds the mRNA cap, blocking eIF4F assembly on TOP mRNAs

    Roni M Lahr et al.
    La-related protein 1 specifically and directly binds the 5' cap and first nucleotide of mRNAs encoding ribosomal proteins and translation factors, inhibiting the assembly of translation initiation factors on these messages and therefore their translation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Importin-9 wraps around the H2A-H2B core to act as nuclear importer and histone chaperone

    Abhilash Padavannil et al.
    In an unusual complex that is not dissociated by RanGTP alone, Importin-9 sequesters the H2A-H2B core from promiscuous interactions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity

    Prithvi Raj et al.
    Genetic variations that underlie common autoimmune disease genes are predominantly regulatory and modify the expression of multiple genes within the HLA gene complex and throughout the immune system.