63 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CRISPRi is not strand-specific at all loci and redefines the transcriptional landscape

    Françoise S Howe et al.
    CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), which uses small guide RNAs to target catalytically dead Cas9 protein to chromatin, disrupts existing transcription units and generates new sites for initiation and termination of transcription on both strands of DNA.
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteotoxicity from aberrant ribosome biogenesis compromises cell fitness

    Blake W Tye et al.
    Rapidly proliferating cells are at risk of compromised cell fitness due to proteostasis collapse from perturbations that interfere with ribosome biogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Engineering a conserved RNA regulatory protein repurposes its biological function in vivo

    Vandita D Bhat et al.
    Motif length plays a critical role in the specification of biological function within a conserved family of RNA-binding proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Gene activation by a CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer

    Xinhui Xu et al.
    Both exogenous and endogenous genes can be highly activated in cells by a new dCas9-based activator, CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer, that can be used to activate genes for biomedical applications.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of the visual experience-dependent nascent proteome in neuronal plasticity

    Han-Hsuan Liu et al.
    A screen of visual-experience induced changes in newly-synthesized proteins in Xenopus optic tectum identifies unexpected candidate plasticity proteins.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    General decapping activators target different subsets of inefficiently translated mRNAs

    Feng He et al.
    Dhh1, Pat1, and Lsm1 target subsets of cellular mRNAs for decapping via interactions of these regulatory proteins with the C-terminal domain of Dcp2, the catalytic component of the decapping enzyme.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Principles of cellular resource allocation revealed by condition-dependent proteome profiling

    Eyal Metzl-Raz et al.
    Steadily growing cells prepare for conditions that demand increased translation by producing excess ribosomes, at the expense of lower steady-state growth rate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The GTPase Nog1 co-ordinates the assembly, maturation and quality control of distant ribosomal functional centers

    Purnima Klingauf-Nerurkar et al.
    The GTPase Nog1 orchestrates stalk assembly, peptidyl transferase centre maturation and polypeptide exit tunnel quality control.

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