53 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    HDX-MS reveals structural determinants for RORγ hyperactivation by synthetic agonists

    Timothy S Strutzenberg et al.
    Unique methodology was used to generate a large HDX-MS dataset to inform ligand-mediated activation of RORγ, an approach that can be extended to other nuclear receptors with unresolved ligand-dependent activities.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational switches control early maturation of the eukaryotic small ribosomal subunit

    Mirjam Hunziker et al.
    Mass spectrometry analysis of purified pre-ribosomal RNAs shows that stable ribosomal RNA domains independently recruit assembly factors, and the cryo-EM structure of the 5' ETS ribonucleoprotein reveals regulatory conformational switches.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Gene activation by a CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer

    Xinhui Xu et al.
    Both exogenous and endogenous genes can be highly activated in cells by a new dCas9-based activator, CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer, that can be used to activate genes for biomedical applications.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteotoxicity from aberrant ribosome biogenesis compromises cell fitness

    Blake W Tye et al.
    Rapidly proliferating cells are at risk of compromised cell fitness due to proteostasis collapse from perturbations that interfere with ribosome biogenesis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A conserved major facilitator superfamily member orchestrates a subset of O-glycosylation to aid macrophage tissue invasion

    Katarina Valoskova et al.
    T antigen glycosylation, which marks metastatic cancer cells, is modulated on a small set of proteins by a conserved multipass transmembrane protein to allow tissue invasion by Drosophila macrophages.
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair-signature mutations activate gene enhancers across human colorectal cancer epigenomes

    Stevephen Hung et al.
    Non-coding mutations in microsatellite-instable (MSI) colorectal tumors are prevalent and activate cancer-specific enhancers, thereby disrupting gene expression control.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Engineering a conserved RNA regulatory protein repurposes its biological function in vivo

    Vandita D Bhat et al.
    Motif length plays a critical role in the specification of biological function within a conserved family of RNA-binding proteins.

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