292 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Elba, a novel developmentally regulated chromatin boundary factor is a hetero-tripartite DNA binding complex

    Tsutomu Aoki et al.
    A chromatin boundary factor that is only active during early embryo development has been discovered in Drosophila.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RecA filament sliding on DNA facilitates homology search

    Kaushik Ragunathan et al.
    A DNA–protein complex can find target sequences of bases in another DNA molecule by sliding along it.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cdc48/p97 promotes degradation of aberrant nascent polypeptides bound to the ribosome

    Rati Verma et al.
    The enzyme that collaborates with ubiquitin ligases to promote the release of defective polypeptides from stalled ribosomes in a process named ribosome-associated degradations has been identified as the ATPase Cdc48.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Circadian Rhythms: Shedding new light on circadian clocks

    Maud Demarque, Ueli Schibler
    Insight
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Usf1, a suppressor of the circadian Clock mutant, reveals the nature of the DNA-binding of the CLOCK:BMAL1 complex in mice

    Kazuhiro Shimomura et al.
    A gene that codes for a transcription factor that is involved in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism also has a role in the regulation of circadian rhythms.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Sequence-dependent base pair stepping dynamics in XPD helicase unwinding

    Zhi Qi et al.
    The ability of an enzyme called XPD helicase to unwind the double helix is influenced by the DNA sequence and the availability of energy.
    1. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis plants perform arithmetic division to prevent starvation at night

    Antonio Scialdone et al.
    Plants implement arithmetic division to optimize use of carbohydrate reserves and thus maintain metabolism and growth at night.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Patient-specific iPSC-derived photoreceptor precursor cells as a means to investigate retinitis pigmentosa

    Budd A Tucker et al.
    Skin cells from a patient with retinitis pigmentosa have been used to generate induced pluripotent stem cells, which could potentially form the basis of new treatments for this disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cavin-3 dictates the balance between ERK and Akt signaling

    Victor J Hernandez et al.
    Cavin-3 is a tumor suppressor protein that inhibits Akt signaling, suppresses Warburg metabolism, promotes apoptosis, and protects against cachexia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATR/Mec1 prevents lethal meiotic recombination initiation on partially replicated chromosomes in budding yeast

    Hannah G Blitzblau, Andreas Hochwagen
    During meiosis, budding yeast use a checkpoint involving the protein Mec1 to prevent the formation of double-strand breaks in DNA that has not completed replication.

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