2,340 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How HIV-1 Nef hijacks the AP-2 clathrin adaptor to downregulate CD4

    Xuefeng Ren et al.
    The structure of the Nef:AP-2 complex has been determined and used as the basis of a model that explains how HIV-1 Nef downregulates the CD4 receptor from the surface of the infected cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Synchronized HIV assembly by tunable PIP2 changes reveals PIP2 requirement for stable Gag anchoring

    Frauke Mücksch et al.
    PI(4,5)P2 plays a much broader role during the HIV-1 particle assembly process than assumed; it is indispensable not only for recruitment of Gag to the plasma membrane but also for the maintenance of Gag assemblies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Earlier menarche is associated with a higher prevalence of Herpes simplex type-2 (HSV-2) in young women in rural Malawi

    Judith R Glynn et al.
    Earlier menarche leads to earlier sex, marriage, and sexually transmitted infections, so is a serious disadvantage to the life chances of a young woman.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A sustained type I IFN-neutrophil-IL-18 axis drives pathology during mucosal viral infection

    Tania Lebratti et al.
    Type I IFN is a key determinant of pathogenic neutrophil activity and drives tissue pathology through modulation of IL-18 levels during genital HSV infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Escape from neutralizing antibodies by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein variants

    Yiska Weisblum et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 spike variants that resist neutralization by therapeutic antibodies or convalescent plasma can be generated in the laboratory and exist at low frequency in natural populations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpes simplex type 2 virus deleted in glycoprotein D protects against vaginal, skin and neural disease

    Christopher Petro et al.
    An attenuated Herpes simplex type 2 virus deleted in glycoprotein D can be used as an effective vaccine to provide robust transferable humoral immunity and complete protection in murine intravaginal and skin infection models.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Understanding patterns of HIV multi-drug resistance through models of temporal and spatial drug heterogeneity

    Alison F Feder et al.
    In triple-drug-treated HIV, partially resistant viruses can spread and resistance to specific drugs evolves in a predictable order, potentially a result of spatial or temporal heterogeneity in drug concentrations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identifying the immune interactions underlying HLA class I disease associations

    Bisrat J Debebe et al.
    HLA class I-disease associations have been studied for decades; a new approach for investigating the underlying mechanism can overcome past problems with interpretation and help to understand the etiology of human diseases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structural basis for germline antibody recognition of HIV-1 immunogens

    Louise Scharf et al.
    Structural and computational analyses of germline antibody/HIV-1 gp120 complexes provide both general principles relevant to the unusual evolution of potent CD4-binding site antibodies and guidelines for structure-based immunogen design.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A genome-to-genome analysis of associations between human genetic variation, HIV-1 sequence diversity, and viral control

    István Bartha et al.
    An innovative strategy in genome analysis has generated a detailed description of how pathogens mutate when facing human genetic diversity.

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