PI(4,5)P2 plays a much broader role during the HIV-1 particle assembly process than assumed; it is indispensable not only for recruitment of Gag to the plasma membrane but also for the maintenance of Gag assemblies.
An attenuated Herpes simplex type 2 virus deleted in glycoprotein D can be used as an effective vaccine to provide robust transferable humoral immunity and complete protection in murine intravaginal and skin infection models.
HLA class I-disease associations have been studied for decades; a new approach for investigating the underlying mechanism can overcome past problems with interpretation and help to understand the etiology of human diseases.
Structural and computational analyses of germline antibody/HIV-1 gp120 complexes provide both general principles relevant to the unusual evolution of potent CD4-binding site antibodies and guidelines for structure-based immunogen design.
The hepatitis C virus IRES binds and remodels preassembled eukaryotic translation preinitiation complexes, using specific initiation factor protein within a "bacterial-like" mode of initiation that can function in both stressed and unstressed cells.