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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identifying the immune interactions underlying HLA class I disease associations

    Bisrat J Debebe et al.
    HLA class I-disease associations have been studied for decades; a new approach for investigating the underlying mechanism can overcome past problems with interpretation and help to understand the etiology of human diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    External location of touch is constructed post-hoc based on limb choice

    Femke Maij et al.
    Humans retrospectively localize touch after deciding on which limb it occurred, challenging the mainstream idea that tactile location in space is the basis for assigning touch to a body part.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dpp dependent Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to Hh dependent blood progenitors in larval lymph gland of Drosophila

    Nidhi Sharma Dey et al.
    Identification of Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the genetically amenable organism Drosophila melanogaster paves the path to address HSC biology, both in normal and pathophysiological conditions.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-146a acts as a guardian of the quality and longevity of hematopoietic stem cells in mice

    Jimmy L Zhao et al.
    Chronic and excessive inflammation can lead to exhaustion of the supply of hematopoietic stem cells and to myeloid malignancies in mice, mimicking important aspects of the myelodysplastic syndrome found in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine acts on songbird premotor circuitry to invigorate vocal output

    Paul I Jaffe, Michael S Brainard
    The neuromodulator acetylcholine contributes to state-dependent modulation of motor vigor and variability by direct action on songbird premotor cortex, bypassing basal ganglia circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transitioning between preparatory and precisely sequenced neuronal activity in production of a skilled behavior

    Vamsi K Daliparthi et al.
    Precisely sequenced patterns of neuronal activity associated with the production of a skilled behavior begin and end as part of orchestrated activity across functionally diverse populations of cortical premotor neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Translation initiation by the hepatitis C virus IRES requires eIF1A and ribosomal complex remodeling

    Zane A Jaafar et al.
    The hepatitis C virus IRES binds and remodels preassembled eukaryotic translation preinitiation complexes, using specific initiation factor protein within a "bacterial-like" mode of initiation that can function in both stressed and unstressed cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Role of direct and indirect social and spatial ties in the diffusion of HIV and HCV among people who inject drugs: a cross-sectional community-based network analysis in New Delhi, India

    Steven J Clipman et al.
    Beyond well-recognized individual-level risk factors, HIV and hepatitis C transmission among people who inject drugs are further impacted by social and spatial network composition, and spaces in particular may represent efficient means for disseminating interventions that diffuse through the network.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Yap-lin28a axis targets let7-Wnt pathway to restore progenitors for initiating regeneration

    Zhian Ye et al.
    Atoh1+ HC precursors survive post severe injury and activate the Yap-Lin28 pathway to restore progenitor for initiating regeneration.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transmission genetics of drug-resistant hepatitis C virus

    Nicholas van Buuren et al.
    Interactions between viral genomes within the same cells can impact the selection of drug-resistant variants and this has been finessed by hepatitis C virus.