6,410 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Germinal center B cell development has distinctly regulated stages completed by disengagement from T cell help

    Ting-ting Zhang et al.
    CD40 signaling is necessary to generate the immediate precursors of GC B cells, transition to the BCL6hi follicular state is promoted by a regional and transient diminution of T cell help.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Empty conformers of HLA-B preferentially bind CD8 and regulate CD8+ T cell function

    Jie Geng et al.
    HLA-B*35:01 molecules that are peptide-deficient are thermostable, bind CD8 with higher affinity than their peptide-filled versions, accumulate at immunological synapses and enhance antigen-specific CD8+ T cell immune responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Variations in HLA-B cell surface expression, half-life and extracellular antigen receptivity

    Brogan Yarzabek et al.
    Lymphocytes and monocytes maintain their cell surface HLA-B via different mechanisms, which in turn differently influence cell-surface expression, half-life and peptide receptivity of HLA-B allotypes.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Organoids: Synthetic scaffolds help airway cells reach maturity

    Marko Z Nikolić, Emma L Rawlins
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    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Optical manipulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis using photoswitchable ceramides

    Matthijs Kol et al.
    Photoswitchable ceramides containing an azobenzene photoswitch behave as light-controllable substrates for both sphingomyelin synthase and glucosylceramide synthase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuromuscular Disease: Protecting the nerve terminals

    Jonathan D Glass
    Maintaining the connections between nerve cells and muscle could help to slow the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromocenters: Bundling up DNA

    Susan A Gerbi
    Structures known as chromocenters, comprising satellite DNA and proteins such as D1 or HMGA1, help to contain DNA inside the nucleus between cell divisions.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Regulation of B cell fate by chronic activity of the IgE B cell receptor

    Zhiyong Yang et al.
    The immunoglobulin E (IgE) B cell receptor promotes plasma cell differentiation in the absence of cognate antigen and limits the competitive fitness of IgE+ B cells in germinal centers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Anaerobic Bacteria: Solving a shuttle mystery

    Bridget Conley, Jeffrey Gralnick
    Shewanella oneidensis bacteria use an abiotic reaction to help shuttle electrons outside of the cell.
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