209 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ancient Viruses: How infectious diseases arrived in the colonial Americas

    Ville N Pimenoff, Charlotte J Houldcroft
    Analysis of viral DNA from human remains suggests that the transatlantic slave trade may have introduced new pathogens that contributed to the devastating disease outbreaks in colonial Mexico.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ancient viral genomes reveal introduction of human pathogenic viruses into Mexico during the transatlantic slave trade

    Axel A Guzmán-Solís et al.
    The characterization of ancient B19V and HBV genotype A4 viruses circulating during Colonial epidemics provides new insights into the pathogens that were introduced to the Americas after the European colonization.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of cytokine production capacity in ancient and modern European populations

    Jorge Domínguez-Andrés et al.
    Neolithic was a turning point for immune responses in Europeans, favoring tolerance against intracellular pathogens, promoting inflammation against extracellular microbes, and being related to current auto-immune diseases.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Application of human liver organoids as a patient-derived primary model for HBV infection and related hepatocellular carcinoma

    Elisa De Crignis et al.
    Human liver organoids provide a patient-derived platform to interrogate host and viral mechanisms of HBV replication, perform anti-HBV and toxicity drug screens, and investigate the molecular determinants of related tumorigenesis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Role of direct and indirect social and spatial ties in the diffusion of HIV and HCV among people who inject drugs: a cross-sectional community-based network analysis in New Delhi, India

    Steven J Clipman et al.
    Beyond well-recognized individual-level risk factors, HIV and hepatitis C transmission among people who inject drugs are further impacted by social and spatial network composition, and spaces in particular may represent efficient means for disseminating interventions that diffuse through the network.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endomembrane targeting of human OAS1 p46 augments antiviral activity

    Frank W Soveg et al.
    Prenylation of human oligoadenylate synthetase 1 isoform p46 mediates endomembrane targeting and increases its antiviral activity against positive-strand RNA viruses that utilize the host endomembrane system for replication.
    1. Medicine

    Risk of motor vehicle collisions after methadone use

    Ya-Hui Yang et al.
    Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) can alleviate opioid dependence, however, drivers receiving MMT were at high risk of motor vehicle collisions in the present study, particularly the first 90 days of MMT.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Latent gammaherpesvirus exacerbates arthritis through modification of age-associated B cells

    Isobel C Mouat et al.
    Latent gammaherpesvirus infection predisposes mice to develop more severe disease following induction of arthritis by elevating pathogenic interferon-gamma-expressing age-associated B cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    A subset of CB002 xanthine analogs bypass p53-signaling to restore a p53 transcriptome and target an S-phase cell cycle checkpoint in tumors with mutated-p53

    Liz Hernandez Borrero et al.
    Anti-tumor properties of sub-class of xanthine analogs involve restoration of p53 pathway transcriptome, independent of p53/p73, dependent on ATF3/ATF4 and Noxa in mutated-p53 tumors and the compounds trigger an S-phase checkpoint.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Revisiting the guidelines for ending isolation for COVID-19 patients

    Yong Dam Jeong et al.
    Compared with the approach isolating COVID-19 patients for a fixed period, the approach using repeated PCR testing mitigates unnecessarily lengthy isolation of patients while minimizing the risk of further transmission.

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