311 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of human hepatic progenitor cells with regenerative and metabolic capacities from primary hepatocytes

    Takeshi Katsuda et al.
    Human chemically induced liver progenitors (hCLiPs), which are generated from primary human hepatocytes, exhibit the potential to repopulate injured livers of host mice with efficiency > 90%.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila PDGF/VEGF signaling from muscles to hepatocyte-like cells protects against obesity

    Arpan C Ghosh et al.
    A muscle-derived signaling molecule suppresses excessive accumulation of lipids in the Drosophila adipose tissue by activating the Pi3K/Akt/mTOR signaling cascade in the Drosophila hepatocyte-like cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    NLRP12 suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma via downregulation of cJun N-terminal kinase activation in the hepatocyte

    SM Nashir Udden et al.
    NOD-like receptor NLRP12 is a critical regulator of hepatocyte proliferation and its activation could be therapeutically used to suppress hepatocellular carcinoma.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TAF4, a subunit of transcription factor II D, directs promoter occupancy of nuclear receptor HNF4A during post-natal hepatocyte differentiation

    Daniil Alpern et al.
    Physical and functional interactions between HNF4A and TAF4 coordinate HNF4A genomic occupancy with pre-initiation complex formation to activate post-natal hepatocyte gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Remodeling of whole-body lipid metabolism and a diabetic-like phenotype caused by loss of CDK1 and hepatocyte division

    Jin Rong Ow et al.
    Loss of hepatic Cdk1 leads to oxidative stress, increased fatty acids in blood, and hyperinsulinemia, which resulted in insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, similar as in diabetes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-122 supports robust innate immunity in hepatocytes by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway

    Hui Xu et al.
    The liver-specific miRNA microRNA-122 plays a previously unknown role in hepatocyte intrinsic innate immunity by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway.
    1. Cell Biology

    Defective STIM-mediated store operated Ca2+ entry in hepatocytes leads to metabolic dysfunction in obesity

    Ana Paula Arruda et al.
    Store operated calcium entry is defective in hepatocytes of obese mice, and restoring this process is sufficient to improve glucose metabolism.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Deletion of the MAD2L1 spindle assembly checkpoint gene is tolerated in mouse models of acute T-cell lymphoma and hepatocellular carcinoma

    Floris Foijer et al.
    Chromosomal instability through spindle assembly checkpoint alleviation facilitates malignant transformation of hepatocytes and T-cells in vivo, resulting in cancers with recurrent karyotypes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium P36 determines host cell receptor usage during sporozoite invasion

    Giulia Manzoni et al.
    Host CD81 and Scavenger Receptor BI operate independently to mediate invasion of hepatocytes by different species of Plasmodium sporozoites, which use the parasite protein P36 as a key determinant of the entry route.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Optimization-by-design of hepatotropic lipid nanoparticles targeting the sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide

    Dominik Witzigmann et al.
    The combination of in vitro investigations, the zebrafish screening model and rodent experiments offered a unique approach to optimizing nanoparticles modified with Hepatitis B virus-derived peptides to specifically target hepatocytes.

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