5,217 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rapid localized spread and immunologic containment define Herpes simplex virus-2 reactivation in the human genital tract

    Joshua T Schiffer et al.
    A combination of detailed sampling and mathematical modeling suggests that the response of immune cells to reactivation of herpes simplex virus 2 is extremely rapid and effective within microscopic areas of genital skin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ATRX promotes maintenance of herpes simplex virus heterochromatin during chromatin stress

    Joseph M Cabral et al.
    Epigenetic restriction of herpes simplex virus occurs in a biphasic manner, in which ATRX maintains viral heterochromatin after an initial phase of chromatin deposition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structure of the transporter associated with antigen processing trapped by herpes simplex virus

    Michael L Oldham et al.
    Herpes simplex virus evades the immune response by inhibiting the TAP transporter with a peptide inhibitor ICP47 that has an extensive interface at the peptide translocation cavity and locks the transporter in an inactive state.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Earlier menarche is associated with a higher prevalence of Herpes simplex type-2 (HSV-2) in young women in rural Malawi

    Judith R Glynn et al.
    Earlier menarche leads to earlier sex, marriage, and sexually transmitted infections, so is a serious disadvantage to the life chances of a young woman.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpes simplex type 2 virus deleted in glycoprotein D protects against vaginal, skin and neural disease

    Christopher Petro et al.
    An attenuated Herpes simplex type 2 virus deleted in glycoprotein D can be used as an effective vaccine to provide robust transferable humoral immunity and complete protection in murine intravaginal and skin infection models.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HSV-1 single-cell analysis reveals the activation of anti-viral and developmental programs in distinct sub-populations

    Nir Drayman et al.
    Single-cell analyses of cells infected by Herpes Simplex Virus 1 revealed extreme heterogeneity among infected cells, including the robust activation of developmental gene programs in highly infected cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Critical roles of mTOR Complex 1 and 2 for T follicular helper cell differentiation and germinal center responses

    Jialong Yang et al.
    Genetic ablation of Raptor and Rictor in mice revealed critical roles of mTORC1 and mTORC2 in T follicular helper cell differentiation and germinal center responses.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The retromer complex safeguards against neural progenitor-derived tumorigenesis by regulating Notch receptor trafficking

    Bo Li et al.
    The retromer complex serves as a bomb squad to retrieve and disarm the potentially harmful pool of Notch receptors in a timely manner and thereby safeguards against brain tumor formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial hypothalamic neurons control a defensive emotion state

    Prabhat S Kunwar et al.
    Stimulation of specific neurons within the hypothalamus triggers a fear-like emotion state and behavioral response in mice, challenging the textbook view that the hypothalamus serves simply as a relay for emotion states encoded in the amygdala.

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