238 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nucleosome-CHD4 chromatin remodeler structure maps human disease mutations

    Lucas Farnung et al.
    The structure of the chromatin remodeller CHD4 bound to a nucleosome reveals differences to the known Chd1-nucleosome complex and maps cancer mutations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Synergy between SIRT1 and SIRT6 helps recognize DNA breaks and potentiates the DNA damage response and repair in humans and mice

    Fanbiao Meng et al.
    SIRT1 deacetylates SIRT6 at K33 to facilitate DNA double-strand breaks-recognition, subsequent expansion and local chromatin remodeling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Spen links RNA-mediated endogenous retrovirus silencing and X chromosome inactivation

    Ava C Carter et al.
    A long noncoding RNA uses viral mimicry to achieve developmental gene silencing across a chromosome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A conserved RNA degradation complex required for spreading and epigenetic inheritance of heterochromatin

    Gergana Shipkovenska et al.
    Genetic and biochemical studies show that a conserved ribosome biogenesis complex also localizes to heterochromatin, where it triggers RNA degradation and promotes the spreading and epigenetic inheritance of histone methylation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lin28a/let-7 pathway modulates the Hox code via Polycomb regulation during axial patterning in vertebrates

    Tempei Sato et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that the loss of Lin28a causes axial shortening with mild skeletal transformations via decreased PRC1 at Hox genes, establishing a new pathway in the “Hox code.”.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Controlling gene activation by enhancers through a drug-inducible topological insulator

    Taro Tsujimura et al.
    A novel synthetic DNA cassette of CTCF-binding sites combined with the drug-controllable induction system of heterochromatin enabled switchable blocking of chromatin conformation and gene-enhancer interaction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An H3K9 methylation-dependent protein interaction regulates the non-enzymatic functions of a putative histone demethylase

    Gulzhan Raiymbek et al.
    A putative histone demethylase in fission yeast has non-enzymatic properties that regulates heterochromatin assembly and epigenetic inheritance.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomere dysfunction cooperates with epigenetic alterations to impair murine embryonic stem cell fate commitment

    Mélanie Criqui et al.
    Cell lineage tracing and biochemical analysis of cell fate during murine stem cell differentiation demonstrates a specific cooperativity between perturbations in histone methylation and eroded telomeres that destabilize cell differentiation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii leads to neocentromere formation and chromosome fusions

    Klaas Schotanus, Joseph Heitman
    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii results in neocentromeres, which span actively expressed genes and at elevated temperatures cen10∆ mutants are unstable leading to chromosome fusion and silencing of the neocentromere.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Condensin I subunit Cap-G is essential for proper gene expression during the maturation of post-mitotic neurons

    Amira Hassan et al.
    The condensin I subunit Cap-G is expressed in post-mitotic neurons and its removal, especially from less mature neurons, results in gene expression changes, reduced survival and behavioural defects in Drosophila.

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