Browse the search results

Page 2 of 74
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Chromatin is an ancient innovation conserved between Archaea and Eukarya

    Ron Ammar et al.
    Similarities in the way that nucleosomes are organized into chromatin in archaea and eukaryotes suggest that chromatin might have been involved in gene regulation before its role in DNA packaging evolved.
    1. Cell Biology

    Exportin Crm1 is repurposed as a docking protein to generate microtubule organizing centers at the nuclear pore

    Xun X Bao et al.
    Microtubule nucleation from the nuclear envelope in fission yeast involves repurposing of nuclear export proteins for a non-export-related function, docking cytoplasmic proteins at nuclear pore complexes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons is regulated by cJun NH2-terminal kinase 3 in response to metabolic stress

    Santiago Vernia et al.
    Metabolic stress-induced activation of the JNK3 protein regulates excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons to regulate food consumption.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-fat diet enhances starvation-induced hyperactivity via sensitizing hunger-sensing neurons in Drosophila

    Rui Huang et al.
    Fruit flies fed with high-fats diets are hyper-sensitive to a hunger hormone AKH and exhibit enhanced food-seeking behavior when starved.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Coordinated hedgehog signaling induces new hair follicles in adult skin

    Xiaoyan Sun et al.
    Hedgehog-pathway activation in adjacent epithelial and stromal cells, but not in epithelial or stromal cells alone, enables the generation of functional de novo hair follicles in unwounded adult mouse skin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Corrupted adipose tissue endogenous myelopoiesis initiates diet-induced metabolic disease

    Elodie Luche et al.
    Adipose tissue derived hematopoietic stem cells from diabetic mice transplanted into healthy animals on a normal diet increase inflammation in adipose tissue and trigger the development of a diabetic state in the recipient animals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Angiopoietin-2 in white adipose tissue improves metabolic homeostasis through enhanced angiogenesis

    Yu A An et al.
    Gain- and loss-of-function studies highlight the important role for angiopoietin-2 to maintain adipose tissue health during metabolic challenges.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phase-amplitude coupling supports phase coding in human ECoG

    Andrew J Watrous et al.
    Electrocorticography (ECoG) reveals that phase-amplitude coupling relates to phase-dependent coding in the human brain.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Epithelial cells supply Sonic Hedgehog to the perinatal dentate gyrus via transport by platelets

    Youngshik Choe et al.
    During development the Sonic Hedgehog protein is produced by epithelial structures and acts at a distance in the brain and perhaps in other organs.