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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Abscisic acid dynamics in roots detected with genetically encoded FRET sensors

    Alexander M Jones et al.
    Fluorescent sensors for the hormone abscisic acid have been developed using a high-throughput platform, and used to monitor hormone dynamics in plant roots and leaves.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Simultaneous quantification of mRNA and protein in single cells reveals post-transcriptional effects of genetic variation

    Christian Brion et al.
    A CRISPR-based dual reporter assay enables genetic mapping of DNA variants that specifically affect mRNA or protein levels in trans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional cross-talk between allosteric effects of activating and inhibiting ligands underlies PKM2 regulation

    Jamie A Macpherson et al.
    Specific residues within an enzyme integrate allosteric inputs that originate from distinct ligand-binding pockets.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based analysis of CysZ-mediated cellular uptake of sulfate

    Zahra Assur Sanghai et al.
    Structures of CysZ show a antiparallel membrane protein with an unanticipated fold and together with functional characterization provide insight into a bacterial sulfate translocating system.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of two aptamers with differing ligand specificity reveal ruggedness in the functional landscape of RNA

    Andrew John Knappenberger et al.
    RNA aptamers that are closely related and share a common scaffold can readily adapt to recognize new ligands through changes in just a few nucleotides.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Changes in the genetic requirements for microbial interactions with increasing community complexity

    Manon Morin et al.
    Analysis of the global genetic requirements and gene expression changes in E. coli in the presence of a simple microbiome revealed pairwise and higher-order interactions, and underlying molecular mechanisms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An elusive electron shuttle from a facultative anaerobe

    Emily Mevers et al.
    The identification of ACNQ as an extracellular electron shuttle solves a longstanding problem in bacterial physiology and provides new tool for bioenergy development.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MYC regulates ribosome biogenesis and mitochondrial gene expression programs through its interaction with host cell factor–1

    Tessa M Popay et al.
    Interaction of oncoprotein transcription factor MYC with chromatin-associated protein host cell factor–1 controls expression of genes important for ribosome biogenesis and mitochondrial vigor, loss of which promotes tumor regression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Modular metabolite assembly in Caenorhabditis elegans depends on carboxylesterases and formation of lysosome-related organelles

    Henry H Le et al.
    Caenorhabditis elegans homologs of carboxylesterases that localize to intestinal organelles orchestrate the assembly of modular signaling molecules from building blocks that integrate diverse metabolic pathways.