580 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic encoding of social threat and spatial context in the hypothalamus

    Piotr Krzywkowski et al.
    Threat and context-responsive neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamus are reshaped by experience to drive social avoidance.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cell-cycle-gated feedback control mediates desensitization to interferon stimulation

    Anusorn Mudla et al.
    Cell cycle gating enables a temporal compartmentalization of negative vs positive feedback control processes, leading to differential responses to repetitive interferon stimulations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Size-dependent patterns of cell proliferation and migration in freely-expanding epithelia

    Matthew A Heinrich et al.
    Epithelia exhibit size-dependent growth dynamics caused by a decoupling between boundary and bulk cellular dynamics that enable robust expansion and drive cell cycling, collective migration, and tissue-spanning vortices.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement opsonization of HIV affects primary infection of human colorectal mucosa and subsequent activation of T cells

    Pradyot Bhattacharya et al.
    Complement opsonized HIV exposure gives rise to a colorectal mucosal environment with an initial suppressed antiviral response and increased infection of immune cells and altered activation of T cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Alternative splicing at neuroligin site A regulates glycan interaction and synaptogenic activity

    Shinichiro Oku et al.
    Inclusion of a neuroligin alternatively spliced insert that interacts with a neurexin glycan modification promote development of functional synaptic connections between neurons and may help alleviate consequences of NLGN mutations.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Novel C1q receptor-mediated signaling controls neural stem cell behavior and neurorepair

    Francisca Benavente et al.
    Complement C1q directly drives the behavior of human neural stem cells via a classical receptor signaling mechanism modulating their capacity for functional integration in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing variation of BMP2K balances abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation in erythroid cells

    Jaroslaw Cendrowski et al.
    Erythroid-enriched BMP2K kinase, in addition to its predicted function in endocytosis, regulates distribution and abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation through opposing actions of its two splicing variants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Positively selected modifications in the pore of TbAQP2 allow pentamidine to enter Trypanosoma brucei

    Ali H Alghamdi et al.
    Study of TbAQP2 adaptations and substrate interactions shows how this aquaglyceroporin enables cellular entry of large antimicrobial agents in Trypanosoma brucei.
    1. Neuroscience

    Upregulation of TRPM3 in nociceptors innervating inflamed tissue

    Marie Mulier et al.
    The expression and function of the cation channel TRPM3 is strongly increased in sensory neurons innervating inflamed tissue, likely contributing to inflammatory hyperalgesia and persistent pain.

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