2,990 results found
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Maintenance of age in human neurons generated by microRNA-based neuronal conversion of fibroblasts

    Christine J Huh et al.
    MicroRNA-based direct conversion of human fibroblasts to neurons is applicable to fibroblasts from donors ranging in age from neonatal to centenarian, allowing the generation of neurons that maintain the age-associated signatures of the starting fibroblasts.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Unique membrane properties and enhanced signal processing in human neocortical neurons

    Guy Eyal et al.
    Models and experiments reveal that human L2/3 pyramidal neurons have distinctively low specific membrane capacitance which might have a significant impact on signal processing in human neocortex.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Global reorganisation of cis-regulatory units upon lineage commitment of human embryonic stem cells

    Paula Freire-Pritchett et al.
    Promoter interactome maps in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and ESC-derived early neuroectodermal progenitors link distal enhancers to putative target genes, reveal lineage-specific cis-regulatory architecture and shed light on the logic of gene regulation by multiple enhancers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cascade of neural processing orchestrates cognitive control in human frontal cortex

    Hanlin Tang et al.
    A dynamic and hierarchical sequence of steps in human frontal cortex orchestrates cognitive control.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A genome-to-genome analysis of associations between human genetic variation, HIV-1 sequence diversity, and viral control

    István Bartha et al.
    An innovative strategy in genome analysis has generated a detailed description of how pathogens mutate when facing human genetic diversity.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Bioengineered human myobundles mimic clinical responses of skeletal muscle to drugs

    Lauran Madden et al.
    A novel bioengineered human skeletal muscle model with accurate physiological and pharmacological responses may provide a useful tool for preclinical testing.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Slo1 is the principal potassium channel of human spermatozoa

    Nadja Mannowetz et al.
    Potassium ions enter and leave human sperm cells via a calcium-dependent ion channel that is also pH-independent.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    An integrative transcriptomic atlas of organogenesis in human embryos

    Dave T Gerrard et al.
    Integrating human embryonic transcriptomes from 15 sites during organogenesis identifies novel expression signatures linked to congenital disorders and a new programme of non-coding gene expression.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Minimized human telomerase maintains telomeres and resolves endogenous roles of H/ACA proteins, TCAB1, and Cajal bodies

    Jacob M Vogan et al.
    The Cajal body chaperone TCAB1 and scaffold protein Coilin are not required for telomerase activity in human cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human pyramidal to interneuron synapses are mediated by multi-vesicular release and multiple docked vesicles

    Gábor Molnár et al.
    The compactness of synaptic release sites coupled with their four-fold number in humans compared to rats provides unprecedented scaleability in operation of human synapses.

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